05 TUE JAN 31

Class 05 TUE JAN 31


  1. Upload an image from your device to use as your WordPress avatar for the blog.
  2. Make your Appointment for your first Mandatory Professor Conference.
  3. If you’ve had your Conference, leave a Brief Review of the results.
  4. Add your Hypothesis post to two Categories (the Hypothesis Task and your own username).

The Sharing Channel

Charlize Theron best-known roles

Warm Up

Bi-Partisan Legislators
  • First, let’s define bi-partisan
    • adjective. involving the agreement or cooperation of two political parties
      that usually oppose each other’s policies.
    • Recent usage:
      • “Financial deregulation and mass incarceration became matters of 
        bi-partisan agreement.”— Frank Guan, The New Yorker, 31 Jan. 2022


  • Feedback Please
    • What it’s for. How to use it.
    • If you think I should create a 2-minute “How To” video for Feedback Please, leave me a reminder in your Notes below this page.

The Deadlines Menu


  • Demonstration: Informal In-Text Citation (APA Style)
    • The Lecture/Demo includes (at the bottom) an Homework Assignment

Lecture: The Invention of Money

As much as we take it for granted (it’s the water we swim in), the world’s economy is a fiction as unreal and imaginary as anything Joss Whedon or Neil Gaiman every dreamed up, and the language it speaks, its money, its currencies, are gibberish—totally intangible except as coins and bills, but illusory—just social constructs with numbers attached to help us keep track of how much to tip the Uber driver.

Task: Stone Money

  • DUE Before Class TUE SEP 27 (11:59PM MON SEP 26)
    • A 1000-word essay will be due on Stone Money.
    • Incorporate the lesson of Purposeful Summary
    • Use sources provided by your Professor (and supplement with your own)
    • Use Informal In-Text Citation and References (APA style)

34 Responses to 05 TUE JAN 31

  1. mossmacabre says:

    In class today we discussed Purposeful Summaries in depth. A purposeful summary is when you take the important information from an article and use it to make your paper better, in your own words. This is different from a regular summary, where you would simply restate a condensed version of the information.

    You should always credit the authors and articles you are getting your information from. You do not always have to quote them, but you do have to cite them. It speaks well of your research skill when you have many authors and works to cite from.

    A purposeful summary is an argument.

    We should start our purposeful summary argument with “It seems counter-intuitive that….”. Never use the phrase “The author talks about”, tell us what it is they are talking about.


  2. zzbrd2822 says:

    In class today, we started off the day listening to requested Christmas music by Frank Sinatra. We then rediscussed counterintuitive thinking and some examples. One example was the pinhole camera and how it produced a projected image. Jenison wondered how a machine might help him complete a job or whether the result would be art and discovered that he could have artistic results using mechanical methods, such as using a mirror to paint an image. Another example was how a raise in salary could be bad. Clients in the poverty threshold have certain benefits that they could lose if they earn slightly more money and exceed the poverty threshold. We then discussed how countries such as China mine bitcoin and use more energy than approximately half the country, when everyone is trying to be more energy conscious. The next topic was discussing a purposeful summary and how it doesn’t recount the entire subject matter, but only important aspects in order to prove a point of its own. You should give the author credit for their ideas in a summary, even if you are not quoting them. It should also be true to the original even though it has its own point of view that may dispute it. We also considered the ethics of a three-parent baby, which uses a small part of mitochondrial DNA from a second woman to help prevent genetic ailments. Next, we discussed an article that explained a counterintuitive point of view that Africa should screen Americans for measles since it is more contagious, and Americans are less likely to be vaccinated for basic illnesses. Lastly, we discussed the Purposeful Summaries assignment and My Hypothesis assignment.


  3. kingofcamp says:

    English Comp II Lecture Notes (9.16.21)
    • Brief overview of “counterintuitive lecture”
    • Mini lecture on fossil fuels- going along with the “counterintuitive lecture”
    o when we think of electric cars we think that they are clean
     when in reality, that electricity needs to be generated somewhere
    • in summary, we are still burning fossil fuels to generate our cars
    • Mini lecture on “health care”- also going along with the “counterintuitive lecture”
    o patients who get a raise from their jobs, will sometimes lose their health aid benefits
    o not being able to afford healthcare
    • Two new assignments
    o Purposeful summaries (due 9.20.21)
     taking the most important parts of the author’s work and using it to benefit your writing/research
     your conversion of the article/paper
    • highlighting what is important to you- no cherry picking of quotes!
     is an argument
     it must tell the truth, or it can dispute the original
     start with the claim- it seems counterintuitive…
     Do no acknowledge the existence of the article, do not begin by citing th article you are summarizing
    o My Hypothesis (due 9.22.21)
     start with a broad topic
     narrow your topic by limiting terms and ideas
     create a logical connection between the elements
     write a complete sentence that makes a clear and logical statement- connecting the elements you’ve selected
     share with classmates
    • Every paragraph should be well rounded- like a mini essay
    • “Is this photo ethical?”
    o photo of (deceased) little girl in Haiti
     great controversy over the photo
    • More counterintuitive topics
    o located on sidebar of the website when you click “Lecture/Demonstration: Purposeful Summaries
    o select three articles and write purposeful summaries


  4. minutemen14 says:

    The counterintuitivity of switching to electric cars. No carbon emissions from the car itself, but the increase in electricity means that more fossil fuels has to be burned elsewhere. Raises could possibly hurt people rather than help as some lose their healthcare plan. Purposeful summaries entail stripping a work of only the points that can help you explain your point of view to your reader. 3 parent babies, a process where a very small percentage of an egg donor is included to prevent any birth defects. The counterintuitivity of getting angry with photographers capturing horrible images, after sending them to do that in the first place. We discussed the process of gathering ideas and creating a hypothesis which we will start to do this weekend. When it comes to breaking down the hypothesis, which starts out broad and then becomes more and more specific. You continuously center your main idea and come up with specific points to support it. Finally you come to a narrowed down and very focused topic.


  5. cocochanel715 says:

    Wanting to make solutions to stop damaging the earths atmosphere, is causing the same if not more damage than the original problem
    Purposeful summary- using the most important parts for your writing of the article to form a
    Should always credit the article you summarized from
    The value of crediting someone else’s work shows your research skills
    Every paragraph should be like a short essay, should be able to round itself out


  6. Lunaduna says:

    “We are always seeing the world upside down.” – We see the world as we see it.
    We are constantly using electricity, and when we turn on our laptops, we produce more.
    – Even bitcoins are a problem – we burn so much electricity to use the coins, which hurts the environment
    (People keep the jobs they hate because of the health benefits.)

    Purposeful Summary – you write about the most important part to improve your writing. (Support your argument.)
    The purposeful summary remains true to the original material, but it shares only a little content from the original summary.
    They start with a premise and have a sequence, they act as a circle; they go back to the premise and conclude the text. (The summary tells the truth, but it does not copy the entire text. “You do not get rid of the original meaning.”) You could also argue the original text and create a purposeful summary that disputes the original.

    Collected counterintuitive topics are on the sidebar to read.
    When writing a purposeful summary, you must never begin citing the author’s article.

    Start with a broad topic
    Narrow your topic – adding elements that focus your attention on what is most important for your argument
    Create a logical relationship
    Make a sentence that creates a bold claim
    You will share your claim with classmates – to receive feedback
    Then apply counterintuitive thinking – look at your writing from a different angle

    (When you feel safer – you will take more risks.) “We research to test, not to prove.”


  7. ilovedunkinoverstarbucks says:

    Counterintuitivity cont.:
    -Why would a raise be bad
    -If on medicaid and you end up making over a certain amount then you lose the ability to be on that insurance
    -So if the patient gets a raise then to them that could be a bad thing because it will send their insurance through the roof
    Purposeful Summary:
    -A summary that is tailored to the writer about an article
    -Taking an article and using your own words to describe the article
    -It is an argument, to prove a point you are using another author’s work to help sway the reader
    -You can use another source to argue with the original source that you are working with
    -3 purposeful summaries all starting with “It seems counterintuitive…”
    -Don’t start by citing the article that you’re summarizing
    -No “the author says”, “In the article”, and “talks about”
    -Use the material for a purpose
    -Take a broad hypothesis and narrow it down such as concussions in football-Eliminating helmets from NFL games would reduce concussions more than helmet improvements by making players very reluctant to engage in dangerous plays
    -Rugby can be used as source to lessen the injury because rugby does not bang heads due to not having helmets
    -Research to test not to prove
    -Have six hypothesis start at a general hypothesis and narrow it down in 6 steps


  8. gingerbreadman27 says:

    We started off by discussing counterintuitivity and shared examples such as how electric cars seem green and environmental friendly but in reality if the electricity your putting into it is from coal it really isn’t any better than a regular car. Next we went through and reviewed purposeful summaries and how you should summarize an article based on your purpose and argument. Then we discussed plagiarism and how you need to give credit to the author of the article you are summarizing.


  9. littlecow24 says:

    -Our brain flips how we see the world, if it didn’t we would be seeing everything upside down; this shows in a way that our brains can change our perspectives without us even noticing.
    -Server farms are burning more and more electricity just for some people to get bitcoin, and even more electricity is needed for cars, laptops, etc.
    -This overuse of energy is adding to the problems of our natural resources in the world.
    -This shows how greedy people can be just to help themselves a little bit.
    -A purposeful summary again; recounts the most important things for your writing, but still remains true to the original.
    -Crediting others’ work is a good way to show you research well, even if you barely use any quotes. -If you are basing your own work off of another authors, you should always credit because you didn’t suddenly think of whatever you’re basing your summary/work off of.
    -Practice openings should have a shape, round itself out. The end should be like a bridge so it can go onto the next section.
    -You can borrow ideas from an author, and you can even dispute the original author.
    -Start the practice purposeful summaries with “It seems counterintuitive that”
    -We make it peoples jobs to share things with us that will get us evidence, but in the process it will outrage us as well. Photographers will take these pictures to show us what is happening after we send them to get pictures, and then proceed to get angry that they are exploiting the situation.
    -You could write 3 purposeful summaries on the same article that put out 3 different arguments, as long as the article could support them.
    -You can revise something after feedback is given, or at least respond when feedback is given to you.


  10. cfalover says:

    Counterintuitive: The best example for me was the shopping list example because you can make a list with specific items you want, but then get to the store and want to maybe get a different brand. You’re arguing with yourself; you wanna get this other brand but the list you made says otherwise. This is very counterintuitive.
    Purposeful summaries: a purposeful summary should only take the important parts of the resource you are looking at that is beneficial to you. It is also an argument; it makes its own version of the original resource and creates and argument of its own. The summary does tell the truth, but by using its own opinions and point of view. I never knew that there were so many articles that had counterintuitive ideas in them.
    There are many many steps that going into creating a strong, viable thesis. Having your classmates read it will also help significantly. In my old classes, I was never given this much advice on just creating a thesis so I think these steps are definitely necessary and extremely helpful.


  11. friendoftacos says:

    Today in class we discussed some more counterintuitive arguments. The last argument that we talked about was the argument of someone getting a raise in their job and not be able to qualify for Medicare. Sometimes getting a raise to benefit the person may have the opposite effect. Once someone gets this raise, they might not be able to qualify for Medicare anymore and health insurance may cost them much more than their raise could cover.
    Then we discussed purposeful summaries. Purposeful summaries are an argument, and it does not recount the article it just highlights the parts of it that you find useful. It’s the conversion of the material into your own language and argument. It’s a good thing to credit authors for their contribution to your subject matter. Purposeful summaries are truthful to the original and not mislead your readers. You can use purposeful summaries to argue with the original.


  12. lokiofasgard24 says:

    -Counterintuitive example is that people couldn’t afford a raise because then they’d lose eligibility for medicaid

    -Purposeful summary: shortens an authors work including the most important part for your writing/argument.
    -Translation of the contents of the article into language that is your own rather than cherry picking quotes.
    -Crediting your work allows people to evaluate your researching skills and gives then the opportunity based of your work and the work your writing based on
    -practice opening starts with a premise, continues with evidence then concludes with tracking back to the premise and closing the argument.
    -Fair to the original source material but also creating your own writing
    -Don’t say “talks about”, “the author says”, all of this is your work

    -Consider the things your interested in and formulate a hypothesis
    -Use the 6 step process to conclude a specific hypothesis to use for the semester
    -It will be provisional, gets you started researching your topic


  13. levixvice says:

    Class notes-
    Review on Counterintuitively: The notions of how people perceive questions and reality with a different perspective. The energy usage that uses fossil fuels to generate electricity for appliances and electronics can be told for the alternative ways together energy would result the same way.

    Purposeful summary: Should be your original version of how the article was represented of the topic, but in a true and argumentized way. It should be counterintuitive summary rather than just rewording it with the identity of the author and article in the summary


  14. zipemup1 says:

    Purposeful summary-its a summary of your own words of what is important to you in the article. A purposeful summary is also and argument. Today we also talked about more Counterintuitive topics. This way of thinking allows you to view topics more openly.


  15. sunshinegirl457 says:

    Today in class we reviewed the counterintuitivity lecture and discussed which ideas stuck with us the most. We watched the video of the man painting with a mirror on the vermeer, and were also told a new story about getting a raise versus denying it to be eligible for Medicare. After this we went over two new tasks that need to be completed for next week and discussed what a purposeful summary. Since anything you write is an argument, a purposeful summary is a short paragraph specific to what you are looking for, not a summary of the entire article with all the irrelevant details. Professor Hodges showed us an example of his purposeful summary for a video on “Ethics of a Three-Parent Baby”. He left out a bit of information that didn’t feel important to him, as I will aim for with my purposeful summaries.


  16. tyblicky2001 says:

    Purposeful Summaries
    * Purposeful summaries don’t bother to recount the entire subject matter.
    * It’s an argument, tells the truth, and can dispute the original.
    * Illustrations are superior to explanations.
    * Start your purposeful summary with “It seems counterintuitive that…” about the source material.
    * The stuff you remember is what matters to you.


  17. frogs02 says:

    Today in class we learned that purposeful summaries contain details that are a targeted summary. It is highly selected. It doesn’t pertain to a summary of the whole matter. A purposeful summary does not bother to recount the entire subject matter of an article. It is an argument. It tells the truth. It can dispute the original. It has to remain true to the source. You can’t lie about what someone says in the source. Crediting the author is extremely important. You don’t have to agree with them but you have to recognize them. Illustrations are always superior to explanations. The counterintuitive of the three parents’ baby is that they could be born with a genetic mutation/birth defects. We can leave information out or ignore it if it is unnecessary information. You have to be able to understand what you are reading. What you forget is not important in your summary. You need to take the material that matters to you. We read three examples of purposeful summaries. We need to pick three topics from the sidebar which is under the counterintuitive sidebar. We have to write three different summaries. We can write three different views on the same topic/article if you can grab a different perspective. You need to make sure your writing indicates an understanding of the counterintuitive nature of the topic, and summarizes the source material in such a way that your entries emphasize the counterintuitive. You want to make sure you are NOT beginning the summary with a citation. We have to start with “It seems counterintuitive that…” Suppress the identity of the article and its author(s). Write as if you are describing the subject matter first hand. Argue, demonstrate, persuade; in other words, use the material you are summarizing for a purpose!


  18. Lily4Pres says:

    Started class off concluding the counterintuition conversation. Also went over the Vermeer paintings and how they truly work through the use of mirrors and reflection.
    Switching over to purposeful summaries: Purposeful summaries are targeted summaries that pertain to your idea, rather than being an overall summary of the piece of work. An accurate, fair, useful summary of the parts of the subject matter that pertains to you. Purposeful summaries are arguments, as they are the summary writer’s interpretation on what the original author wrote/created. You do not have to agree with the source to write a purposeful summary, remember there has to be a refutation argument as well. The parts of the source that are necessary to your topic is what you will summarize, whether it’s in support of your hypothesis or in refutation.
    When reading or listening to a source, your purposeful summary is written based off of what matters to you, neglecting the rest.


  19. comatosefox says:

    Talked about counterintuitive thinking, went over some explains in the lecture page.

    A summary that targets that things on the material that pertains to you topic. It’s accurate and doesn’t recount that entire material, it just to support your view. You can’t warp the writing to make it support your argument, it must be truthful to the source material. Understand what you need to know, listen carefully and move on, what ever you remember at the end is what’s important to you.


  20. strawberryfields4 says:

    Counterintuitive Continued:
    -Radical way of thinking
    -Opposes the popular belief

    Purposeful Summaries:
    -Contains no irrelevant information and remains on topic
    -Targeted summary
    -Does not summarize an entire article
    -Highly selective
    -Accurate, fair, and useful summary of the parts of the subject matter that you are using
    -Decide what details can be eliminated and what is relevant to your point
    -Shaping material into your argument, while still being “fair” to the original source
    -Do not have to agree with the source
    -Must begin with “It seems counterintuitive that…”
    -Identify the counterintuitive nature of what you are examining
    -It is unnecessary to constantly go back to the source; you will remember what is relevant to you
    -Do not refer to the author! This is your work!

    My Hypothesis:
    -Begin with a broad topic
    -Continue to narrow your statement with each development
    -End with a very specific statement


  21. imaspookyghost says:

    Purposeful summary : ideas and points of a source that pertain to your own topic making it your summary. It does indeed tell the truth about the summary it just may not necessarily include every “important” detail. you don’t have to agree with the source. The argument your making doesn’t have
    to satisfy everybody, but it should address the counterargument.
    Illustrations are always superior to explanations
    “it seems counterintuitive that”
    figure out what is counterintuitive about the topic.

    Ethics of a 3 parent baby video
    – what details need to be left out and what details need to be kept
    – if you forget something means its not relevant to your article
    – if you remember something it means it mattered to you.


  22. RowanAnnouncer says:

    firstly, we reviewed what topic we aligned ourself with the meaning of counterintuity. we then migrated to talking about the purposeful summary assignment. you must address the counter argument to your own argument then disprove that argument to your best ability to then continue on with your argument. the three parent analysis posed a helpful question: Is it alright to cut, seemingly useless, information to summarize an article more efficiently? the stuff that you forget you don’t need, the stuff that you remember is important.


  23. calamariii says:

    We discussed and went through the previous examples of counterintuitivity that helped us to understand the idea of counterintuitivity. A purposeful summary is a summary that doesn’t cover the entire base of what you are summarizing, instead, it goes over key details that are relevant to the argument you want to make from that original work. It’s importing when stating that something is counterintuitive that what is being stated is actually counterintuitive. When writing a purposeful summary, do not be vague or cite the article in the summary as that is a waste of words and it’s more important to be purposeful with the words by making arguments, demonstrating, and persuading. Categorize blog posts so they are easier to find, and use the categorizing to add an article to a feedback needed list


  24. tarheel1999 says:

    Today’s class started with a quick review of (and a chance to respond to) the counterintuitivity lecture that was touched on at the end of Tuesday’s class, with some students called on to share their responses. The review especially focused on the example of Marcel Duchamp, which embodies Prof. Hodges’ view of counterintuitivity very well. Next on the agenda was a lecture on Purposeful Summaries, which were defined as an argument that utilizes a summary consisting only of relevant information from a source to prove its point. Such a summary can be adversarial to the original source’s viewpoint, but it must be truthful in its representation of said viewpoint. Class ended with an examination of multiple examples of successful Purposeful Summaries, through which the methods required to craft one were demonstrated.


  25. venom2929 says:

    -Purposeful Summaries: They don’t bother to recount the entire subject matter of the article. Basically just stating all the important points that you found useful. It is supposed to be an argument to the original using your own language.
    -When writing purposeful summaries always use the same language
    -What you forget is not relevant to your argument and what you remember is purposeful to your argument
    -Don’t cite the article you are summarizing
    -Don’t say the author “talks about”


  26. toastedflatbread22 says:

    In the counterintuitive portion of today, we talked about how things such as electric cars or bitcoin, which are meant to cut down on emissions, actually do not do that. They often raise emissions through electricity production. We also discussed how sometimes raises can be harmful because they take away healthcare. These are all examples of how counterintuitive life can be.
    Today in class, we learned more about the contents of a purposeful summary. A purposeful summary uses the most necessary information for the reader and puts it into a writing piece. It proves a point only recounting the most useful parts. It provides credit to the original author and is true and credible. This is not to say that it doesn’t take on a different view-the reader may use the article to prove a counterintuitive point. We also discussed the counterintuitive argument that we demand images of human tragedy, however often sensationalize their work.
    Today we also re-visited the components of a successful hypothesis and how many steps it takes to get to a clear, counterintuitive statement. It must take at least 6 steps to get to the hypothesis-usually when you think you’re done, it can be narrowed down.


  27. toastedflatbread22 says:

    *we discussed topics such as….-just realized I said “talked about

    Liked by 1 person

  28. chickendinner says:

    We discussed how summaries should not merely recap information, but put forth an argument.
    The Jimmy Carter quote showed us how easy it is to misrepresent people’s words in dishonest ways.
    We discussed some examples of counterintuitive situations, and how it could be effectively communicated to readers.


  29. kilotoon says:

    We began class by speaking about counterintuitive thinking.
    – We reviewed a number of examples to further understand the concept of it
    We reviewed what the difference is with a purposeful summary
    – uses only the material retrieved from sources that pertain to your topic (not false, just selective)
    We learned to only care to understand what we need to know, and move on and don’t focus on useless information.
    Summaries are not only to just restate facts, but to also initiate an argument.

    (I apologize for getting to this late recently, I’ve had a very busy schedule and this will not become a regular habit)


  30. spaghettitacosforthesoul says:

    We started off with an understanding of what is counterintuitive. Looking at examples of Tim Vermeer and how he uses a mirror reflection to create a piece of art, not using actual like and following the mirror by tiny brush strokes at a time.
    A purposeful summary is highlighting an argument in a summary, a purposeful summary doesn’t go over the whole subject of the article, it goes over the truth while telling an argument, and tells the opposite story of the original.
    We looked at three examples of counterintuitive purposeful summaries one about changing DNA and how two women can fertilize an egg without a man involved
    How measles killed more African children during the Ebola crisis because Americans going to Africa.
    And how we send photographers out to show us outrageous things about the world, but when they do. Were outraged at them for taking the picture.
    We also looked at our My hypothesis assignment and how we can take a simple idea, go into depth, and turning that idea into a counterintuitive one.
    We also learned that the professor’s dad almost killed him in a plane accident.


  31. ziggy026 says:

    Summaries should support the argument and give input and information that will go towards the end product. Some things that are intended to do something helpful actually do the opposite and do nothing to help situations. A purposeful summary gives information that is key to the argument. They are highly selective and a targeted summary that may or may not agree with the author. The author should not be referred to, though, since it is your own work.


  32. disneylover2002 says:

    Today in class, we talked about purposeful summaries. Purposeful summaries should not just summarize what you read; a purposeful summary should turn into an argument. Don’t waste your time trying to write everything you see or hear on the outline. What you remember is the critical part, and what you forget is not needed. In addition, you should not cite the author when writing a purposeful summary. We also learned how to categorize our work on the blog and how to ask for feedback. We ended by going over the task we need to complete over the next couple of days.


  33. nugget114 says:

    Counterintuitive Thinking
    – Don’t be afraid to oppose the original work popular belief
    – Think radically
    – An example would be that people can’t afford a raise because then they lose their eligibility for medicaid

    Purposeful Summaries
    We discussed how purposeful summaries are not supposed to just summarize what you read but rather turned into your own argument. People often waste their time just rewording everything they read when you should instead pull out the most important details and rephrase those into your own overall claim.
    – Don’t paraphrase the summary as a whole
    – Don’t use the words “the author says”
    – Don’t cite the article because your own should sound different enough and show a whole different perspective to where you should not have to cite
    – Your argument can dispute the original

    We must read and review 3 articles and create purposeful summaries based off of them. If we want, we can write three different views on the same topic if you can create three different perspectives. Make sure the writing indicates that you have an understanding of the counterintuitive nature of the topic. Summarize the source material in a way that the submissions emphasize the counterintuitive. Professor showed us an example of his purposeful summary where he left out details he felt were not important and emphasized on the details he did deem important taken from a video “Ethics of a Three-Parent Baby.”

    My Hypothesis should…
    – Begin with a broad topic
    – Narrow your statement with each development of the 6 step process
    – End with a very specific statement


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