09 TUE FEB 14

Class 09 TUE FEB 14


  1. Is the snake consciously baiting the bird?
  2. Did the snake consciously evolve this amazing adaptive development?
  3. Leave your thoughtful replies (or jokes) in the Reply field along with the rest of your daily class Notes.

Wake Up


  • Feedback
    • Open any of your posts (Citations, Summaries, Claims, Stone Money)
    • Add the post to the Feedback Please Category
    • Leave a Reply on the post to help your professor provide the sort of feedback you would prefer.
  • Grades
    • Just a note to let you know I will be grading your early posts in Canvas
    • Grades can be improved after they’re posted, but . . .
    • . . . it’s easier to improve your grade by responding to feedback BEFORE your first grade is posted.

Writing Mechanics

  • Paragraph Size
    • One Main Idea per Paragraph
      • Live Demo
  • By the Authors Explain
    • Tweaking your Citation Technique

Today’s New Material

60 Responses to 09 TUE FEB 14

  1. levixvice says:

    Class Note: 9/30/2021

    Mirror Paradox- mirrors flip things left to right, but aren’t flipped up to down verticality. Although mirrors also don’t flip things horizontal or vertical; only the front to back is shown on the mirror.
    Mirrors never flip the person’s side which can be photo edited in social media.
    Never use words like “It and This” as these words would neglect the summary leaving more info out of the essay. The solution for “It and This” should be replaced with specific details that go well with the summary.
    Rhetorical Surrender is never your go to strategy for essays or summaries from expressing what you know from a rhetorical question and one must have the reader question themselves through your summary. Bold claims are better for the writer to get gather more attention from the readers to make them question their idea from the summary’s claim than answering the the rhetorical question from the author.
    To solve this problem is to make claims which define the term for the essay or summary within the category rather than creating questions for your reader. Analogies and categories as it is recognizable within the sentence being a cause and effect. Claims can be factual that are in need of proof, evaluative claims are supported by evidence and be argumentative. Ethical claims use the writer’s judgment on social events or situations, comparative claims use the measurements of evidence and facts that support the claim. Causal claims make cause and effect predictions, and recommendation claims make “should, must, and demand” for the argument to convince the readers to do something.


  2. kingofcamp says:

    English Comp II Lecture Notes (9.30.21)
    • Schedule zoom meeting!!!
    • The mirror paradox
    Writing Mechanics
    • Beware of using “it” and “this” (vague pronouns in writing)
    • Specify “it” or “this”- too vague
     read student’s example
    • When summarizing, you need to be specific for your readers; your readers don’t know what you’re summarizing
    • Detail the details!
    Rhetorical Surrender
    • using a rhetorical question gives too much power to the reader
    • it is YOUR argument, adding a rhetorical question will hand that power of opinion to the reader who YOU are trying to persuade
    • just don’t use it!
    • Different types of claims
    o definition claim
    o analogy claim
    o categorical claim
    o factual claim
     something that is presented AS A FACT (not always true)
    o evaluative claim
    o ethical or moral claim
    o quantitative, numerical, or comparative claim
    o casual claim
    o recommendation/proposal claim
     *all definitions on page blog*
    • claims can/and are interconnected
    • assignment linked (due 10.4.21)
    • brief introduction to analysis work


  3. zzbrd2822 says:

    In class today, first we took care of some housekeeping as we briefly touched on the mandatory conferences and categorizing posts. We then discussed the mirror paradox, in which the image you see in the mirror is inverted. In actuality, a mirror doesn’t flip left-to-right but front-to-back. Objects on the left still appear to be on the left in a mirror, and the same with the right side. It applies to text as well since we read right-to-left in the mirror. Our next topic was discussing the use of “it” and “this”. You must be clear about what you are referring to, especially if there are multiple subjects in the sentence. Necessary details may be needed to be substituted into the vague phrases of “it” and “this”. Our next topic is discussing the problematic approach of starting an essay with a rhetorical question. By asking your reader a question, you are surrendering your authority and handing your power over to them. This allows them to make up their own mind and form their own opinion before the essay even starts. We then discussed different claim types. A Definition Claim, Analogy Claim, Categorical Claim, and Factual Claim are some common claim types. Most types of claims overlap with others when used in a sentence or an essay. Some other claim types include Evaluative, Ethical or Moral, Quantitative, Numerical, or Comparative, Causal, and Recommendation or Proposal. We then discussed the details of the Claims assignment and what is expected. Lastly, we evaluated the claim “Let’s harvest the organs of death row inmates”.


  4. minutemen14 says:

    The mirror paradox
    -Cindy Crawford has beauty mark on what we see as the right side of her face in photos when in fact she considers it on the left side of her face.
    -Mirrors flip things left to right, but why left to right instead of top to bottom?
    -Mirrors don’t flip things, they flip images front to back.
    -When looking into the mirror it shows perspective as if you are looking at yourself from the back.
    -With letters on a shirt you can see letters flip almost as if were looking through ourselves

    Use of vague pronouns
    -when we explain a thought and then using “this” or “it” you can confuse the reader of which part of your claim you’re trying to elaborate on.

    Rhetorical Surrender
    -a good way to get your reader involved in a paragraph, but if you do not exactly answer the question you leave the reader to be able to get a step ahead of you.

    Basic Claims
    -Analogy claim is when you state similarities
    -Categorical claim is the naming of examples that are all part of the same category
    -Factual Claim is stating a claim where circumstances or conditions exist beyond doubt
    -Evaluative claim is when you form opinion or judgement of a situation and argue your stance .
    -Ethical or moral claim is type of claim where judgement is placed on a social issue or situation that questions the moral standard.
    -Quantitative, numerical or comparative claim is claims that may be factual or evaluative depending on the reliability of the measurement of this claim.
    -Casual Claim are assertions of cause and effect. predictions of certain circumstances is claimed.
    -Recommendation or Proposal Claim is trying to convince an audience to adopt a course of action.


  5. zipemup1 says:

    Today in class we began with discussing the mirror paradox. We came to the conclusion that mirrors do not flip images horizontally or vertically. Mirrors actually just reflect back what we see front to back. We also went over basic writing mechanics that can improve your writing . When writing writers should avoid using “it” or “this” statements. These statements are too vague and can confuse the reader with the topic at hand. There are nine different basic claim types.

    Basic Claims
    1. Definition claim
    2. Analogy claim
    3.Categorical claim
    4.Factual claim
    5.Evaluative claim
    6.Ethical or Moral claim
    7.Quantitative , Numerical or Comparative claim
    8 Causal Claim
    9.Recommendation or Proposal Claim


  6. cfalover says:

    – remember to sign up for the mandatory conferences and to categorize our work
    – paradox: mirrors don’t flip left to right, it flips front to back
    – mirrors don’t flip vertically or horizontally
    – its hard to talk ourselves out of illusions like the mirrors because our mind wants to think it is a certain way and its hard to picture it being front to back when it looks like it is flipped left to right.
    – stay away from “it” and “this” because it can be hard to find what it relates to within the paragraph if there are multiple ideas. Use less vague wording and more specific details.
    – rhetorical questions allow your reader to get a step ahead of you, but you do not want that because you’re surrenduring the first move instead of moving forward
    – there are so many different claim types; definition, analogy, categorical, factual, evaluative, ethical/moral, quantitive/numerical/comparative, casual, and recommendation
    – claims can only be well-analyzed if we understand the argument that the author is making


  7. friendoftacos says:

    In class today, we talked about the mirror paradox. Mirrors appear to flip things left to right but that is not the case. Instead mirrors flip things front to back. We also discussed how to be careful with “it” and “this” and that using these can confused your reader. Pronouns can be relied on too heavily in sentences. We talked about how rhetorical questions can be a dangerous device to use in writing.
    There are many different types of claims. A single claim can be argument, but most claims have many arguments within them. Most sentences of any length that make any contribution to an essay will be a collective of many claim types.


    • davidbdale says:

      Just a caution, Tacos, to reduce “talked about” language from your repertoire. It delays the making of clear claims.

      In class today, we talked about the mirror paradox. Mirrors appear to flip things left to right but that is not the case. Instead mirrors flip things front to back.

      With the “talked about” language eliminated:
      —Paradoxically, mirrors appear to flip things left to right, but that is not the case. Instead mirrors flip things front to back.

      We also discussed how to be careful with “it” and “this” and that using these can confused your reader. Pronouns can be relied on too heavily in sentences.

      With the “talked about” language eliminated:
      —Be careful with “it” and “this.” Using them can confuse your reader. Pronouns can be relied on too heavily in sentences.

      We talked about how rhetorical questions can be a dangerous device to use in writing.

      With the “talked about” language eliminated:
      —Rhetorical questions can be a dangerous device to use in writing.

      There are many different types of claims. A single claim can be argument, but most claims have many arguments within them. Most sentences of any length that make any contribution to an essay will be a collective of many claim types.

      With the “talked about” language eliminated:
      —It’s the same thing. In this one instance, you didn’t use “talked about” language. Instead, you went straight to the clear claims.



  8. Lunaduna says:

    Notes 9/30/2021

    Mirrors change the visuals that we see.
    – It’s a flipped image
    But mirrors do not flip anything right to left, or down to up

    Try to stay away from using “this” or “it” at the beginning of a sentence
    – Those words are too vague
    – I now realize that I should try to stay away from writing sentences starting with this or it
    – The reader may not understand what the author is trying to say

    – You can still call any claim a factual claim, but the may not be correct
    – If you do not get adequate support your claim is not correct
    – Evaluating claim: involves judgment of an item or characteristics (of a situation)
    – Ethical/Moral claim: places judgment on a social situation
    – Quantitative claim: reliability of measurements
    – Casual claim: cause and effect
    – Proposal claim: adopt a course of action (“should, demand, or must”)

    – Claims can be a dispute, but they are all factual claims


  9. lokiofasgard24 says:

    Mirror Paradox:
    -mirrors flip front to back
    -Ex: rorrim-mirror
    Writing mechs.(see comments on page):
    -be careful using it or this without associating the term with a specific noun
    -the demo aids from being to vague in your writing
    Rhetorical Surrender(see comments on page):
    -asking a question lets the reader decide first and prompts you playing from behind
    -you let the reader decide their point before you can explain your own and you could lose the reader entirely by asking this.
    Claim Types:
    -claim types can be intermixed into one claim
    -definition claim is explaining your topic exactly
    -analogy claim is when you compare your topic to another in an attempt to explain your topic
    -categorical claim is when you focus on a certain point of your topic
    -factual claims can be supported by concrete facts
    -evaluative claim is when you make a judgement on your topic
    -ethical or moral claim judges your topic exclusively based on an ethical or moral judgement
    -quantitative, numerical or comparative claim is usually a factual statement backed up by a comparison
    -casual claims are often a cause and effect statement
    -Recommendation or proposal claims convince the readers to take action


  10. mossmacabre says:

    In class today we discussed the mirror paradox, which is when you look in the mirror and see that the image is inverted.

    We went on to talk about the danger of IT and THIS, using an essay as an example of what vague language and sentence structure looks like. You should avoid vague pronouns as it makes the subject of your paper confusing for the reader, and makes your essay much more difficult to read.

    We discussed the different kind of claims and what is necessary to make those claims stronger when putting together our paper. The example we used was “Is PTSD a communicable disease?”


  11. ilovedunkinoverstarbucks says:

    Mirror Paradox:
    -Beauty mark is on the right side of her face but to her it is the left side of her face
    -In a mirror it is flipped and the mark is on her right side to her
    -Why is she not upside down when she looks in a mirror
    -A mirror does not flip left to right it flips it front to back
    -If mirror did flip left to right then if she raised her left hand then it would raise in the mirror too

    Specific details and Rhetorical answers:
    -Stray away from It’s and They’s
    -These pronouns tend to not be specific and can be confusing for the reader as they are vague
    -Rhetorical questions should never be used as they can hand all the power over to the reader
    -The reader can interpret the work how they want when asked a question and not physically being told an answer

    Basic claim types:
    -Definition claim
    -Saying PTSD is a psychological disorder is a definition
    -Analogy claim
    -PTSD is similar to other communicable diseases because it can spread by a victim to others with whom he interacts this claim is claiming that there is a similarity of PTSD to other communicable diseases
    -Categorical claim
    -Naming of several examples of PTSD symptoms as these symptoms belong to the same category
    -Factual claim
    -Starting with a fact that can be proved by evidence
    -Evaluative claim
    -Involves judgement of the characteristics of an item/situation
    -Ethical/moral claim
    -Evaluative claim that places a judgement on a social situation and expresses an ethical or moral judgement
    -Quantitative/numerical/comparative claim
    -May be factual or evaluative depending on the reliability of the measurements
    -Causal claim
    -Assertions of cause and effect, consequences, preconditions, or predictions of what will occur in certain circumstances
    -Recommendation/proposal claim
    -Write to convince an audience to adopt a course of action


    • davidbdale says:

      Very thorough, Dunkin.
      I like these:
      -Stray away from It’s and They’s
      -These pronouns tend to not be specific and can be confusing for the reader as they are vague
      -Rhetorical questions should never be used as they can hand all the power over to the reader


  12. gingerbreadman27 says:

    In class today we discussed the mirror paradox and how they don’t necessarily flip images left to right but rather front to back. Next we discussed the use of “it” and “this” and to be careful when using them. Using “it” and “this” too much can lead to a piece being too difficult for someone without being familiar with the resources to read. Then we looked at using rhetorical questions within in your work and how they put you on the back foot when it comes to persuading people. Asking a rhetorical question almost always leads to the incorrect answer you as the author was looking for. We also discussed claims and the different types when reviewing “Is PTSD contagious?” for the claims assignment. Finally we looked at the claims involved in the video arguing about harvesting the organs of death row inmates.


  13. The mirror paradox shows us that the images do not flip images from left to right, they flip from front to back.


  14. sunshinegirl457 says:

    In class today we went over how to schedule conferences again. The mirror paradox explained how we see Cindy Crawford and how she sees herself in a photograph. When she looks into the mirror, her mole switches to the opposite side of her face. Mirrors don’t flip images top to bottom and they don’t flip left to right. Mirrors flip front to back, something I’ve never thought of before.
    It is very important to specify what you are talking about, as was shown with the IT and THIS rewrite. The topic needs to be discussed thoroughly so the reader can easily understand and the argument is strengthened. We also learned that it is crucial to make strong, bold first points so that you’re not playing defense for the whole paper. Like in chess, it’s an advantage to have the first move and it’s something that should be utilized in all writing.
    We learned more about how important specificity is when writing. The 50 year old woman who did not write the terms of her life out thoroughly supports this. If she had thought of every possible outcome and exception, she might have been happier in her late life. But she did not think it through all the way and whatever was written were the rules from then on, but they left a lot of ambiguity and “what if’s?”. Bold claims are much more useful than lack of detail and rhetorical questions.
    We then went over the different types of claims and how they are used which was very informative.


  15. nugget114 says:

    In class today we went over a lot of housekeeping. We talked about making sure that every time we submit something, we put our writing under the category of the submission as well as our usernames category. If we don’t, Professor Hodges won’t see our submission.

    Mirror Paradox
    – A picture of Scarlett Johansson with a beauty mark on the left side of her face and then her holding lipstick.
    – Why does a mirror flip vertically instead of horizontally?
    – A mirror doesn’t flip left-to-right, it flips front-to-back
    – If mirrors did flip left-to-right as casual observation leads us to believe, they would flip the lipstick from Scarlett’s left hand to her right hand
    – You would think type flipped when you look in the mirror because it appears backwards to our eyes, the mirror doesn’t flip the type it just shows it right back directly how it is on our bodies

    Specific Details
    We reviewed the idea of replacing the words “it” or “this” with full explanations so we don’t leave our readers with any questions. After reading the example of a complaint to Apple products and the additions to the edited draft, I have realized that something so small can change a writing immensely. The idea of “it” or “this” is something I would have never really thought about until realizing how much more clear and understandable your claim is when you elaborate on your point rather than continuously saying “this” or “it”.

    Rhetorical Surrender
    – Using a rhetorical question gives too much power to the reader because it leaves the question up to his or her own perception or ideas rather than proving your own point of the bat
    – Due to the fact that it is your argument, asking a rhetorical question just leaves the ideas and answers up to your reader
    – You are always better off without the rhetorical question completely
    – If you start off your essay with a rhetorical question, you’re setting up the “me and you” that is argumentative in the worst way, it is a contradictory argument.
    – You are a tour guide taking someone by the hand and say come along with me, this is how I feel
    – This is how I feel, can you see my point of view? Through clear claims rather than asking questions
    – To me, the power of making bold claims over asking questions makes a lot of sense. Why would you want to leave the ideas of your arguments up to the readers discretion and beliefs when you can just tell them how it is.

    – Everything we’re writing is an argument and most declarative statements are at least one type of claim. However if the sentence or paragraph is complex, there will be more than one claim within.
    – We will have an assignment with a section of 2 or 3 paragraphs to identify the different types of claims.
    The different types of claims (all defined/sampled on “Claim Types” blog page) include –
    – Definition claim
    – Analogy claim
    – Categorical claim
    – Factual claim – something that is presented as a fact but isn’t always true because it’s a claim
    – Evaluative claim
    – Ethical or Moral claims
    – Quantitative, Numerical or Comparative claims
    – Causal claim
    – Recommendation or Proposal claim


  16. ziggy026 says:

    Rhetorical questions give your reader a chance to form an argument before you get a chance to supply the appropriate and correct answer that you want to convince them of. Stray away from using it and this because it isn’t descriptive and doesn’t give the reader any idea what you’re talking about. Giving clear descriptions of what ‘this’ and ‘it’ is improves the text and the reader’s understanding as to what is going on. We want to pique the interest of our readers and engage them which is what rhetorical questions are for. We want to make sure the reader is involved with the question early on. Start with a straightforward claim. If your summary has a purpose from the start be clear on what it is. Even questions are claims of a different type. Every declarative statement is a claim of some kind. If you read a whole paragraph and you said it was a causal claim, but there’s more than one claim going on.


    • davidbdale says:

      I really like these:
      Start with a straightforward claim.
      If your summary has a purpose from the start be clear on what it is.
      Even questions are claims of a different type.
      Every declarative statement is a claim of some kind.


  17. imaspookyghost says:

    The chat about mirrors in class today felt more like a waste of time to me. The “riddle” at hand kept misinterpreting how mirrors actual working saying that flip images rather than using the simpler term that they reflect an image. A reflection is defined as light thrown back without being absorbed creating a reflection or mirror image. Saying a mirror flips an image is a very bad misconception of how they work and I’m sure it was only used to create a false idea to confuse the audience. I would have spoken up in class but I feel like I waste a lot of time when I create an argument over the pre class riddles and discussion. Rant over!

    Writers being overwhelmed with criticism. The criticism received isn’t to downgrade the writer but to give the feedback they asked for and are paying for by taking this course. Most students aren’t doing things correctly in the first draft anyway.

    It and this are dangerous. Replace them with what they actually represent.

    Rhetorical questions being related to a chess match. Not a big fan of the metaphors being used to describe a rhetorical question especially the chess one, but I get the idea.
    Start with a straightforward claim and don’t follow it up with a rhetorical question because you might end up having to change someone’s mind who is already made up by answering the question you put in front of them.


  18. comatosefox says:

    Mirror paradox – I was utterly confused during this, but mirrors reflect what is show I front of them straight across from the object. It doesn’t reverse or flip what we are seeing, it shows us ourselves, we just say it flips us because it was the easiest thing to describe it as.
    Be honest with David about how much feedback you want to get, don’t let it bring u to believe that you can’t write.
    Wazoo’s post just reaffirms the need for details and purposeful summaries in your writing. Without describing your sources in order for the reader to understand you argument, they would have no idea what it is you are trying to say.
    Allowing your reader to answer the question before giving them the info about it is weak. You want to keep control of the writing, never ask a question where most people would disagree or start to get annoyed by what is being asked. Think of all possibilities of the questions you are asking, or suggesting. Although they may have an idea that goes against a readers views, do not call people out about what they are doing is wrong, explain that this action is wrong because…


  19. In class today, first we discussed the mirror paradox. We looked at multiple different photographs and people looking in mirrors and analyzed the reflection and tried to figure out which side is which in reality. They do not flip images from left to right, they flip from front to back. Next, we discussed the dangers of using the phrases “it” and “this”. We looked at an article that used those phrases often, and talked about how it gets confusing because they could be talking about multiple different things and there is no way to know for sure. Next, we talked about rhetorical surrender. This is not a good strategy because the first sentence could lose the argument for you. You should start with a straightforward claim. If your summary has a purpose, be clear with it from the beginning. I think that this example demonstrates try weakness of rhetorical questions. I am often tempted to use rhetorical questions, as well as “it” and “them”. I am now seeing how these tactics are ineffective and what I can do to improve my writing. Then, we discussed basic claim types. There are many different types: definition, analogy, categorical, factual, evaluative,


    • davidbdale says:

      Good Notes, chickennugget, but watch out for your quotation mark punctuation.
      Periods go inside ALWAYS.

      as well as “it” and “them”.

      Always: as well as “it” and “them.”


  20. Lily4Pres says:

    Started off class with some organization and housekeeping.
    Mirror Paradox:
    Although it appears mirrors flip items left to right, they “flip” front to back. A mirror reflects the light that is going into it, there is no flip, rather a reflection.
    Beware of IT and THIS:
    It and this leaves ambiguity in the reader’s decision regarding what the author is referring to. Rather than using “it” and “this”, it will be more effective to use proper word choice and refer directly to what has been said.
    Rhetorical Surrender:
    Starting an essay with a rhetorical question is the same as letting the black pieces go first in a game of chess. Giving up the offense on purpose to play defense for the rest of the game. Using a rhetorical question gives the reader the head-start on thinking about the subject matter. If your summary/paper has a purpose, be clear directly off the bat what it is. Using a claim will be more sufficient.
    Basic Claim Types:
    There are numerous types of claims:
    Definition: Starting off a claim with a definition of a term or word.
    Analogy: Using a claim of similarity to compare one subject to another.
    Categorical: Naming examples of your claim that fit into categories. Will answer the question, does ____ belong to ____ category?
    Factual: A claim where it’s conditions are considered fact.
    Evaluative: A claim that involves judgement in an observation.
    Ethical/Moral: Placing judgement on a claim that invokes ethical and moral responses.

    In the Reply field below, leave your impressions. Does the example demonstrate the weakness of Rhetorical Questions vs. the power of bold claims? Are you always tempted to use Rhetorical Questions to introduce your Big Premise? Do you see how they invite your readers to reject your ideas before you present them?
    The example certainly highlights the weakness of rhetorical questions. There is always a temptation to initiate the essay with a rhetorical question, clearly this is not the correct path. I do see and understand how they invite readers to instantly get a point of view on the subject matter before the subject has even been opened.


    • davidbdale says:

      You’re Synthesizing and Purposefully Summarizing while writing Notes, Lily, both good exercises. Do watch out for your quotation mark punctuation. Periods and commas go inside the quotation marks ALWAYS.

      Rather than using “it” and “this”,

      ALWAYS: Rather than using “it” and “this,”


  21. frogs02 says:

    Notes 9/30
    We first started off talking about how mirrors can flip things left and right but not top to bottom. Why does a mirror flip horizontally instead of vertically? Mirror doesn’t flip left to right, they flip things front to back. We went over a demonstration of it and this and how we can fix this and how using these words are so unclear. A common practice of developing writers is to open an essay with a Rhetorical Question, the purpose of which, supposedly, is to pique the reader’s interest and get her to start expressing an opinion on the author’s topic. To prime the pump, so to speak. You should not start an essay with a rhetorical question. You can’t wait to talk about an argument until half way through the essay. We should get the reader involved in the argument. You should start with a straightforward claim. You should make claims which define the term for the essay or summary within the category. You do not want to create questions for the reader. We then talked about basic claim types and how a term is defined or what category of thing it belongs to. We went over how there can be a bunch of claims just in one sentence.


  22. RowanAnnouncer says:

    firstly, we spoke about the mandatory conferences due before thurs, october 7th. we then drifted to the mirror paradox involving Cindy Crawford. the question proposed is why mirrors don’t flip vertically instead of horizontally. the answer is mirrors flip things front to back. we then transitioned to an exercise involving the IT and THIS rule. the following answers were in response to the literal headache of a purposeful summary on the topic of a facetime bug discovered by a child: without any previous background information I would have no idea what precisely he was talking about. No where in the summary would I know what program or app was effected. There would be no way in knowing that the bug activated the recipient’s camera and microphone before answering the facetime call. I could possibly draw a conclusion that a kid might’ve been the first to realize and question the bug, but there is no way to know for certain. Lastly, there would be almost no way to understand what he meant by “2 week delay.” we then went on to discuss rhetorical questions. lastly, we discussed the claims task due tues, october 5th.


  23. zeek says:

    -we talked about the mirror paradox and determined that mirrors flip front to back.

    -we read about the FaceTime glitch that cause people to be able to see and hear another person before they call and even after the call is missed or declined.

    -we also talked about the steps of rhetorical surrender and how it helps bring better detail to you work.


    • davidbdale says:

      You’re not wrong, Zeek. We did talk about those things. But nothing you’ve said here qualifies as a Note that addresses the point of the subject matter. I’ll give you a point for posting.


  24. strawberryfields4 says:

    Mirror Paradox
    -Why do mirrors flip images left to right, but not top to bottom?
    -We are constantly talking ourselves into believing things that feel correct or natural, even when they are counterintuitive
    -Mirrors do not flip things left to right at all
    -Mirrors flip on a front to back axis

    Careful Use of Pronouns
    -When using pronouns (it, this, etc.) it is important to make sure that the antecedent is clear
    -Being vague when using pronouns creates confusion
    -How will the reader know what you are referring to?

    Danger of Rhetorical Questions
    -They give the reader a chance to form an argument in their head before you supply them with the answer you WANT them to believe
    -Allows the reader to get ahead of you
    -Playing defense instead of offense
    -Do not delay your argument
    -Typically used to engage the reader early on, but often backfires
    -It is more effective to start with a bold and clear claim

    Basic Claims Task
    -Everything you write is an argument
    -Refer to “Claim Types” blog page for definitions of all types of claims
    -Most sentences in a well written essay contain multiple types of claims


  25. calamariii says:

    We reviewed the process for mandatory meetings and how to correctly categorize our posts. The mirror paradox is one that plays with our basic assumptions that may be incorrect, but we believe them because it’s what we have thought for our whole lives. Using the correct pronouns to refer back to previous sentences and thoughts helps to make writing easier to understand what is being referred back to. In essay writing, it’s important not to be defensive and non-argumentative with rhetorical questions and opening with the direct question of the thesis weakens the paper. Using the correct wording and not using rhetorical questions the reader would have already decided on, you can create more convincing writing and a better argument that can better convince and explain the argument that is being made. The example did explain well the use of bold claims and how weak rhetorical questions are to the argument being made in the writing. While rhetorical questions seem like they would help the reader to interact, they can lead a reader to reject what you might have to say with your argument after they have answered your question. We went over the claims task and the different types of claims a writer can make and how they fit into the structure of a paper.


  26. littlecow24 says:

    -Categorizing your blog posts is very important, because it puts your assignments into the right place to be graded
    -A mirror seems to “flip” you left and right, but in actuality it flips front to back. If it were horizontal, we would see the opposite of what we were actually doing. We are so conditioned to believe that our image in a mirror is flipped from what others see, when actually it is as if we are looking through the back of a transparent self
    -Be careful using “it” and “this” as it can be confusing to the reader what you’re talking about. Make sure to specify, such as “this situation” instead of just “this”
    -You have to make sure you are clear with every sentence and your intention, as using “it” and “this” will not give enough detail for the reader to understand
    -Using a rhetorical question causes the reader to think of the answer in their head, which could contradict what you say in the rest of your paragraph. You want to put the ideas in their heads by your own writing and not leave anything up to them.
    -Many types of claims can be intertwined within one claim. You are allowed to have multiple in one sentence, and you can even dispute about which you think it better represents/includes
    -Look for “should” and “must” when searching for proposal claims. “You should eat” , “You must eat”


    • davidbdale says:

      You’ve done good work here, LittleCow.
      Do be careful about your punctuation with quotation marks. Periods and commas go inside the quotation marks ALWAYS.

      “You should eat” , “You must eat”

      ALWAYS: “You should eat,” “You must eat,” or “You ought to eat.”


  27. chickendinner says:

    Often, we have an erroneous, overly simplistic understanding of how everyday phenomena occur, and the actual reason is much more counterintuitive.
    You should never be vague with details that are crucial to understanding your argument.
    Rhetorical questions can undermine your position by surrendering your ability to take the offensive.
    Claims can be categorized as definition claims, analogy claims, category claims, factual claims, evaluative claims, ethical claims, quantitative claims, causal claims, and proposal claims.


  28. toastedflatbread22 says:

    It and This
    -Be careful about using “it” and “this” in your writing because using those words is vague and can be confusing
    -It is important to use clear details so that the reader knows exactly what the writer is trying to say
    Rhetorical Questions
    -It is risky to use rhetorical questions in your writing because it gives the reader a chance to form their own opinions before you can write your claim
    -Do not use rhetorical questions unless you are going to answer the question directly after asking it-it just lets the reader get far too ahead of the writer, which is unnecessary
    Claim Types
    -There are different types of claims to use in a paper
    -Definition claims make a statement about something in a clear and matter-of-fact way
    -Analogy claims make a more arguable statement and add more detail to the original claim
    -Categorical claims name examples of whatever is being written about or place different ideas in the claim into categories
    -Factual claims present a claim as a fact kind-of-way and it does not necessarily need to be true
    -Evaluative claims make a judgement of the items in a situation and can use judgement
    -Ethical or Moral Claims use words like “should” or “must” to make a bold claim about the morality of the situation being written about
    -Quantitative claims evaluate a number and use it in a numerical statement
    -Casual claims use cause and effect to make a statement
    -Recommendation or proposal claims try to convince the reader to adopt a way of action


  29. spaghettitacosforthesoul says:

    -Cindy Crawford a well know model with a distinctive beauty mark on the right side of her face. but she sees it on the left side of her face, we know it’s on her left side, but it looks like it’s on the right side. But when she sees herself in a photograph the way we see her is the way she sees herself. and the same goes with a mirror.
    -What’s the difference between left and right and up and down, whats the rule that flips the mirror left and right? Answer, mirrors don’t flip things at all. They flip things front to back. We assume that mirrors manipulate an object but it doesn’t at all.
    -Do not start a paragraph with IT OR THIS. Because it doesn’t clearly state what’s being talked about in the paragraph.
    -Use specific details in order to replace IT AND THIS
    -Rhetorical questions are red flags for opening an essay.
    – A single claim can be an argument.


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