1.“We have reason to be reasonably optimistic. Psychotherapy does work for typical PTSD.” The VA tends to favor cognitive-behavioral therapy and exposure therapy—whereby traumatic events are hashed out and rehashed until they become, theoretically, less consuming.
This is a factual claim from Alain Brunet that psychotherapy can help those with PTSD as their reason is beneficial. Although VA uses cognitive-behavioral and exposure therapies that lets thoses with PTSD to talk with their therapists about their traumatic moments in factual detail.
2. The VA also endorses eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy (EMDR), which is based on the theory that memories of traumatic events are, in effect, improperly stored, and tries to refile them by discussing those memories while providing visual or auditory stimulus.
This is a definition claim, in which this therapy is described to restore traumatic memories through via stimulus and discussion with the victim.
3. The VA collaborates with outside entities through its Intramural Research Program. Currently, the agency is funding 130 PTSD-related studies, from testing whether hypertension drugs might help to examining the effectiveness of meditation therapy, or providing veterans with trauma-sensitive service dogs, like Caleb’s.
This sentence uses the evaluative numerical claim of the VA getting “outside entities” to conduct 130 PTSD-related studies on veterans (numerical) to learn of the hypertension drug’s usefulness in meditation therapy or service-dogs trained to be aware of the owner’s PTSD happening (Evaluative).
4. But a lot of FOV members and users are impatient with the progress. Up until 2006, the VA was spending $9.9 million, just 2.5 percent of its medical and prosthetic research budget, on PTSD studies. In 2009, funding was upped to $24.5 million.
This is a numerical and causal claim using the medical and prosthetic research budget and how the VA was spending millions on it until 2006 and was boosted to another million in 2009. Causing the FOV members and users becoming uneasy from this study taking too long.