Claims-Levixvice

1.“We have reason to be reasonably optimistic. Psychotherapy does work for typical PTSD.” The VA tends to favor cognitive-behavioral therapy and exposure therapy—whereby traumatic events are hashed out and rehashed until they become, theoretically, less consuming. 

This is a factual claim from Alain Brunet that psychotherapy can help those with PTSD as their reason is beneficial. Although VA uses cognitive-behavioral and exposure therapies that lets thoses with PTSD to talk with their therapists about their traumatic moments in factual detail. 

2. The VA also endorses eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy (EMDR), which is based on the theory that memories of traumatic events are, in effect, improperly stored, and tries to refile them by discussing those memories while providing visual or auditory stimulus.

This is a definition claim, in which this therapy is described to restore traumatic memories through via stimulus and discussion with the victim.

3. The VA collaborates with outside entities through its Intramural Research Program. Currently, the agency is funding 130 PTSD-related studies, from testing whether hypertension drugs might help to examining the effectiveness of meditation therapy, or providing veterans with trauma-sensitive service dogs, like Caleb’s.

This sentence uses the evaluative numerical claim of the VA getting “outside entities” to conduct 130 PTSD-related studies on veterans (numerical) to learn of the hypertension drug’s usefulness in meditation therapy or service-dogs trained to be aware of the owner’s PTSD happening (Evaluative).

4. But a lot of FOV members and users are impatient with the progress. Up until 2006, the VA was spending $9.9 million, just 2.5 percent of its medical and prosthetic research budget, on PTSD studies. In 2009, funding was upped to $24.5 million.

This is a numerical and causal claim using the medical and prosthetic research budget and how the VA was spending millions on it until 2006 and was boosted to another million in 2009. Causing the FOV members and users becoming uneasy from this study taking too long.

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3 Responses to Claims-Levixvice

  1. davidbdale says:

    I don’t understand your first example, Levix.

    1. “We have reason to be reasonably optimistic. Psychotherapy does work for typical PTSD.” The VA tends to favor cognitive-behavioral therapy and exposure therapy—whereby traumatic events are hashed out and rehashed until they become, theoretically, less consuming.

    This is a factual claim from Alain Brunet that psychotherapy can help those with PTSD as their reason is beneficial. Although VA uses cognitive-behavioral and exposure therapies that lets those with PTSD to talk with their therapists about their traumatic moments.

    —What do the two statements have to do with one another?
    —When he says psychotherapy works, is he including cognitive-behavioral therapy and exposure therapy in that term?
    —When you identify Brunet’s claim as factual, do you mean that it’s beyond dispute, or do you mean that he offers it as fact? Does the author of the PTSD article accept it as fact?

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  2. davidbdale says:

    I’m having trouble following your explanation in the second example, Levix. Your sentence wanders.

    This is both a definition and factual claim which uses EMDR with its definition of how it is used for traumatic memories from sight or sound and the therapy in practice for PTSD is a fact.

    —This is a definition claim
    —And this is a factual claim
    —which uses EMDR with its definition of how it is used?
    —for traumatic memories from sight or sound?
    —AND
    —the therapy in practice for PTSD is a fact.

    So . . . do you mean . . . “This is both a definition and factual claim. It defines EMDR by describing how it is used to reduce the trauma of painful memories by discussing those memories while providing visual or auditory stimulus. It also makes the factual claim that the VA uses EMDR therapy.”

    It seems you were just trying to paraphrase the original.

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  3. davidbdale says:

    You’re making good progress, Levix.
    Let’s look at 4.

    4. But a lot of FOV members and users are impatient with the progress. Up until 2006, the VA was spending $9.9 million, just 2.5 percent of its medical and prosthetic research budget, on PTSD studies. In 2009, funding was upped to $24.5 million.

    It’s definitely numerical, but in what way is it causal? Do you mean that the FOV members were made impatient by what they considered to be underspending on their pet issue? There’s a claim in the one word “just,” isn’t there? Whose “just” is that? The FOV members’? The author’s? Was the more-than-doubling of the PTSD budget the result of their impatience? Is that what you mean by causal? Are they satisfied now that enough money is being spent? If so, why are they still impatient at the time the article is written?

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