Definition Rewrite – Kilotoon

Powerlifting : The Safe and Efficacious Way to Exercise

In the most literal explanation, exercise is the engagement in physical activity to sustain or improve health and fitness. At the end of the day, it’s crucial to examine the opportunity costs of varying types of exercise. Why? Engagement in high-risk exercise with little benefits, such as rugby, football, and soccer in contrast to other viable options, such as powerlifting, swimming, or jogging result in injury and setback, which will do anything but sustain or improve your health and fitness. Powerlifting is not only a safer method of exercise compared to other popular sports, but also has such a larger array of benefits. Contrary to popular belief, lifting is actually beneficial for children and adolescents! It’s an unfortunate reality that the most beneficial exercise with the lowest opportunity cost has failed to achieve the popularity it deserves, as the injury rate for example for numerous athletes could be vastly reduced. Powerlifting delivers both sustainability and longevity, which are both crucial to maintaining exceptional health and fitness as fitness efforts fail if they are not sustainable over the long term.

Lifting in general for children and adolescents are notoriously looked down upon for false pretenses, whether intentionally or not. The author of “Should Kids Lift Weights?” debunked many widespread myths about lifting weights as a child. One well known myth surrounding weight training as an exercise method is how it apparently stunts the growth of children and injures their growth plates. Many popular competitive sports are up to four hundred times as likely to lead to a growth plate fracture than weight lifting! When deciding what form of exercise is most sustainable for increasing the health and fitness of an individual, it seems self explanatory that the one that is far less likely to fracture their growth plates is a more intelligent decision.

At first glance, the sport of powerlifting seems very dangerous. It’s the sport of competitive lifters battling to lift the most weight in their weight class, and in some cases, the competition of lifting the most weight at the least bodyweight. In “Strength Training for Children and Adolescents: Benefits and Risks”, the author digs into the benefits of strength training, which is the primary source of training for the sport of powerlifting. When pondering about what form of exercise is most efficient and optimal for an individual to pursue, it’s quite important to dig further into its benefits and look past its condescending connotations. It’s quite obvious that any form of exercise, certainly including strength training, is to be done with proper supervision and safety precautions, which current studies do not typically show any aversion towards for children and adolescents. Studies consistently prove the benefits of strength training in children and adolescents with the addition of a consistently low injury rate. Some of the benefits for young lifters include but are not limited to improved motor skills, better body composition in terms an increase in muscle tissue and a decrease in body fat, and improved bone health. What is strikingly important is how bone health is drastically improved if the athlete began strength training as a pubescent. With all of these benefits and a consistently low injury rate, it seems as if it should be the go-to for anybody looking to exercise regularly.

When people, specifically children and adolescents, are choosing a sport as their form of exercise in school, it is quite rare for powerlifting to be their first choice. Along with it not being nearly as popular as some of the top picked sports in schools, it’s not very common for powerlifting to be an available extracurricular to even pick in the first place. It doesn’t make that much sense for powerlifting to not be a popular choice when you really put your mind to it, especially when considering the benefits and considerably miniscule injury rate. Many other sports that are popular choices for children and adolescents are far more dangerous. The authors of “Resistance Training for Children and Adolescents” don’t hold back with proof of that statement. A study was done that showed an injury rate of 0.29 per 100 participant hours in adolescent powerlifters. To be more specific, these powerlifters were individuals lifting larger loads than the average gym-goer in the disciplines of back squat, bench press, and the deadlift. This study also included a contrast to an extremely popular heavy contact sport in schools: rugby. Rugby displayed an injury rate of 0.8 per 100 participant hours. When put into comparison, this study showed how the sport of rugby has almost three times the injury rate of powerlifting. It is also important to note how much more popular and available of a sport rugby is than powerlifting in schools. As explained previously, it seems like a far more intelligent choice to engage in powerlifting, which is evidently a safer and far more beneficial form of exercise than most of these popular high contact sports such as rugby. Violent contact sports such as rugby risk health and fitness far more than they improve it.

The fact remains that exercise is not only recommended, but also essential for a human being to live in a sustainable and healthy lifestyle. However an individual chooses to engage in exercise in their choice entirely, and most people are in a position to choose from a vast array of methods to complete their exercise. At the end of the day, some forms of exercise, such as different sports, have more benefits and are safer than others while some are riskier and have less benefits. It all comes down to analyzing and comparing the opportunity risks when engaging in a form of exercise. Powerlifting is not only one of the safest forms of exercise available to most people, but has such an impressive resume of benefits that are proven to present themselves in all people, especially children and adolescents. This information would be more available and well-known if introduced and was made available in more curriculums, as it was proven above how some benefits from this sport are even more prominent when initiated at a pubescent age.


Should kids lift weights? should kids lift weights? – The Grove Fitness. (n.d.). Retrieved October 11, 2021, from

Kirby P. Causes of short stature among coal-mining children, 1823-1850. Economic History Review 48(4): 687-699, 1995. 

Humphries J. Short stature among coal-mining children: a comment. Economic History Review 50(3): 531-537, 1997. 

Kato S. and Ishiko T. Obstructed growth in children’s bones due to excessive labor in remote corners. In: Proceedings of the International Congress of Sports Sciences. Kato S., ed. Tokyo: Japanese Union of Sports Sciences, 1964. p. 476.

Vrijens J. Muscle strength development in the pre- and post-pubescent age. Medicine Sport 11: 152-158, 1978. 

Docherty D. et al. The effects of variable speed resistance training on strength development in prepubertal boys. Journal of Human Movement Studies 13: 377-382, 1986. 

Committee on Sports Medicine. Weight training and weight lifting: information for the pediatrician. The Physician and Sportsmedicine 11(3):157-161, 1983. 

Sewell L. and Michelli L.J. Strength training for children. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics 6: 143-146, 1986.

Committee on Sports Medicine. Strength training, weight, and power lifting, and body building by children and adolescents. Pediatrics 86(5): 801-803, November 1990.

  Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness. Strength training by children and adolescents. Pediatrics 107(6): 1470-1472, 2001. 

Faigenbaum A.D. and Myer G.D. Resistance training among young athletes: safety, efficacy and injury prevention effects. British Journal of Sports Medicine 44: 56-63, 2010.

Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness. Strength training by children and adolescents. Pediatrics 121(4): 835-840, April 2008.

Behm D.G. et al. Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology position paper: resistance training in children and adolescents. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 33(3): 547-561, June 2008. 

Lloyd R.S. et al. UKSCA position statement: youth resistance training. UK Strength and Conditioning Association 26: 26-39, Summer 2012.

Faigenbaum A.D. et al. Youth resistance training: updated position statement paper from the National Strength and Conditioning Association. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 23(Supp 5): S60-S79, August 2009.

Australian Strength and Conditioning Association. Resistance training for children and youth: a position stand from the Australian Strength and Conditioning Association (ASCA). 2007 (updated 2017). Available at Accessed 1 September 2019.

Lloyd R.S. et al. Position statement on youth resistance training: the 2014 international consensus. British Journal of Sports Medicine 48(7): 498-505, April 2014. 

Faigenbaum A.D., MacDonald J.P., and Haff G.G. Are young athletes strong enough for sport? DREAM on. Current Sports Medicine Reports 18(1): 6-8, January 2019.

Myers, A. M., Beam, N. W., & Fakhoury, J. D. (2017, July). Resistance training for children and adolescents. Translational pediatrics. Retrieved October 11, 2021, from

Barbieri, D., & Zaccagni, L. (2013, May 23). Strength training for children and adolescents: Benefits and risks. Collegium antropologicum. Retrieved October 11, 2021, from

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9 Responses to Definition Rewrite – Kilotoon

  1. davidbdale says:

    If you want to rise to the top of the Feedback Please queue, Kilotoon, drop me a specific Reply here describing the sort of feedback that would help you the most. Is it your Argument, your Sources, your Research technique, your Logic, your Rhetoric, your Organization, your Grammar, or something else that you’d prefer to have help with?


  2. davidbdale says:

    Kilotoon, you still haven’t responded to my request that you clarify the sort of feedback you seek. I’m doing feedback tonight. Do you want immediate results? See my Reply above.


  3. kilotoon says:

    Good evening professor,
    Would I please have feedback from you on my argument? I would also like to make sure my grammar and logic are on point, along with my organization please.
    Thank you,


  4. davidbdale says:

    You’re 85% of a good writer here, Kilotoon. You use all the right words and your ideas are sound. Your sentences are well constructed. But most of them divert our attention away from what’s important instead of highlighting your actual subject and putting it into action with the most robust verb.

    Your sentences boiled down to their grammar essentials read like this:
    Exercise is engagement.
    It’s crucial.
    Irresponsible engagement results in injury.
    Which will do anything.
    The lack is disappointing.
    The rate could be reduced.
    Sustainability and longevity are crucial.
    Powerlifting is the sport.

    That will seem unfair, and it is, a little bit. But the illustration shows, I hope, how your phrasing misses the essentials. I like your content. You could deliver it more effectively with a more direct approach to your content.

    —EXERCISE, that is, deliberate physical activity without practical function, NEEDS no other definition,
    —But if we had to define it:
    —EXERCISE SUSTAINS or IMPROVES health and fitness.
    —IRRESPONSIBLE EXERCISE, such as high-risk activities with little fitness value, COSTS too much.
    —VIOLENT CONTACT SPORTS like hockey and football, or death-defying activities like rock-climbing, RISK HEALTH and fitness more than they improve it.
    —POWERLIFTING DELIVERS health and fitness benefits safely.
    —Sadly, the most BENEFICIAL EXERCISE with the lowest opportunity cost HAS FAILED to achieve the popularity it deserves.
    —A SWITCH switch from hurt-the-other-guy sports to achieve-your-best-performance lifting competitions WOULD VASTLY REDUCE injuries.
    —Fitness EFFORTS FAIL if they aren’t sustainable over the long term.
    —POWERLIFTING DELIVERS both sustainability and longevity.

    That’s all I’ll say about rhetorical style, but you’ll benefit from this advice wherever you apply it to the rest of your 3000 words.


  5. davidbdale says:

    You’ve asked for feedback on your Argument.

    P1. The Argument: Powerlifting is safer because the alternatives are riskier.
    (This is the essence of “opportunity cost.” PL might not be fundamentally safe—it’s not as safe as jogging—but it’s safer than boxing or mixed martial arts. So, you do well to use a comparison test, but you don’t name a more dangerous activity in your introduction, so you’re not very persuasive.)

    P2. The Argument: Growth Plate Stunting is a Myth.
    —You make a very sudden shift to “lifting for children” that was not hinted at in your introduction.
    —You waste a sentence on “exercise is a broad topic.”
    —You launch into a rebuttal argument for an objection nobody has raised.
    —You should be spending your 1000 words on positive evidence for the benefits of powerlifting, not raising objections that could be refuted in your Rebuttal argument.
    —On the other hand, you have introduced the concept of “opportunity cost” in your introduction, so eventually you will want to make clear comparisons. Right now, before you establish the value of lifting as a regimen, you’re weighing it against unnamed competitors.
    —If “Should Kids Lift Weights?” has evidence, you should quote it. “Many sports” and “up to 400” are squirrelly claims that raise doubts in readers.

    P3. The Argument: Supervised Lifting for Adolescents is Healthy and Beneficial
    —You start again with a quick refutation about danger.
    —Followed by some boilerplate about competitive lifting that names no benefits.
    —Followed by an implied equivalency with strength training.
    —Then a wasted sentence about “pondering.”
    —Then you promise supervision.
    —Then you promise “low injury rate,” but not for powerlifting. For strength training. Careful readers will be asking, “Is powerlifting actually a safe form of strength training?”
    —Then you list four benefits, the heart of the argument, without citing evidence. The benefits you cite are certainly important but could also arguably be achieved by almost any physical exercise, tennis for example.
    —Your last two sentences are rhetorically very strong, but not particularly convincing to someone who is already wondering, how do these benefits compare to tennis?

    P4. The Argument: It’s Strange that More-Dangerous Sports are More Popular and Available.
    —You spend four sentences to say: Inexplicably, powerlifting is not as popular as other youth sports.
    —You spend eight sentences to say: Rugby is 3 times as likely to injure kids as powerlifting.
    Put together into one sentence, your paragraph says, “Inexplicably, rugby, which is 3 times as likely to result in injury, is more popular than powerlifting for young athletes.”
    It’s a good observation, certainly worthwhile to consider. What’s your explanation? And why does it take 12 sentences to make this worthy observation? (And how does it compare to tennis? And what sort of injuries are we talking about?)

    P5: The Argument: Powerlifting is Safer and More Beneficial than other Youth Sports
    —We all need exercise.
    —We have exercise choices.
    —Some are safer, others more beneficial.
    —We should choose based on opportunity cost comparisons.
    —Powerlifting wins that competition, especially for kids.
    —We should encourage kids to make this choice.
    Very logical.


  6. davidbdale says:

    Punctuation and Sources

    Ryan Webb, the author of “Should Kids Lift Weights,” offers a magnificent References list of more than 20 academic sources on your topic, Kilotoon.

    THOSE, rather than Webb’s blog post, should be your primary sources. Whatever conclusions he draws are sourced in their turn from the studies he references. They don’t appear to be referenced in your own paper.

    Regarding punctuation in your post, Kilotoon, since all three sources are ARTICLES, they should be identified in your paragraphs in quotation marks. Specifically, NOT Should Kids Lift Weights?, but “Should Kids Lift Weights?”


  7. davidbdale says:

    I’m going to delay responding to your request for feedback on your Rebuttal argument until you revise your Definition argument, Kilotoon. 85% good writing is nothing to sneeze at, but I hope you have bigger aspirations and are willing to revise the work I haven’t had a chance to see until very late in the semester. If so, I’ll continue to share my reactions with you.

    Liked by 1 person

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