White Paper – Kilotoon

  • Working Hypothesis

Educating and training young children and teenagers on the sport of powerlifting as part of the curriculum would greatly benefit the health, lifestyle, and knowledge of the students.

  • Academic Sources
  1. EFFECT OF POWERLIFTING ACTIVITY ON DEVELOPMENT OF BOYS’
    MOTOR ABILITY

Identifying the impact that powerlifting activity has on the development of boys’ motor abilities is crucial in order to advertise powerlifting as a safe and beneficial addition to a curriculum. This was done throughout a 1 year experiment, which included male participants aged 15 to 16 years. To keep the experiment brief, three groups of 12 were studied for a year. One group trained with powerlifting-style training, one with mainly machines, and the last group were given physical loads based on the curriculum given in physical culture classes. The experiment concluded with results that showed that powerlifting and bodybuilding training (which go hand in hand) assist in developing exceptional speed-and-power qualities and endurance. The groups that trained with powerlifting and bodybuilding workouts significantly exceeded the other group in every aspect, who only attended the lessons that were in gym class in the curriculum.

It was clear at the conclusion of this experiment that powerlifting, along with other forms of physical exercise, assist in developing exceptional motor abilities in boys. It increases not only their level of speed and power qualities, but their speed endurance as well.

https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?

Avsiyevich, V. (2017, July 6). Effect of powerlifting activity on development of boys’ motor ability. SSRN. Retrieved October 11, 2021, from https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=257084068082094067110026065090095014121020061002091051009020017076006098073098091105055055037022107126110117110088000099008121010012068050015109079030116004087098080052059077105026070006007097006023002110123125090024065023001121108024005127071113005009&EXT=pdf&INDEX=TRUE.

2. Resistance training for children and adolescents

It’s very important to debunk myths placed upon adolescent weight training. It’s commonly believed that lifting heavy and doing the main powerlifting movements, which include the back squat, bench press, and deadlift, commonly cause injury and is more dangerous than other popular sports.

There was a study done that focused on the injury rate of different sports and compared them with each other. One prime example compared the injury rate of adolescents training heavy-contact sports versus powerlifting. One study of adolescent powerlifters detailed that the injury rate was 0.29 every 100 participant hours. To be clear, these individuals were lifting heavy loads on the back squat, bench press, and deadlift. In this same study, heavier contact sports such as rugby displayed an injury rate of near 0.8 every 100 participant hours. To clarify, this study concluded that heavy-contact sports such as rugby have almost triple the injury rate as powerlifting.

There is also a big difference when comparing injury rates between powerlifting and contact sports. All injury risk in powerlifting can be minimized by having an effective training program, constant supervision, and efficient form education. Unlike those contact sports, there is only one time somebody can directly cause an injury to somebody else in a powerlifting meet, and that is during the lift off on bench press. Almost every variable can be controlled in a training and competitive powerlifting environment, unlike many contact sports that are popular extra-curriculars and taught in gym class.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5532191/

Myers, A. M., Beam, N. W., & Fakhoury, J. D. (2017, July). Resistance training for children and adolescents. Translational pediatrics. Retrieved October 11, 2021, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5532191/.

3. The Physics of Powerlifting

Due to the sheer weight that is known to be lifted by infamous powerlifters, there is a concern amongst the common uneducated person that this sport could be unhealthy for adolescents. Due to this unwarranted and hollow concern, teachers are often discouraged to use powerlifting examples in class. Research has shown that not only is powerlifting four times as safe as other popular school sports such as soccer or football, but it’s been concluded that powerlifting is as safe as dancing.

It’s a common fact that most injuries in adolescent powerlifting is due to poor technique/form. With proper education on this matter, those injuries can be minimized. If taught in school, students that develop an interest would be more inclined to become interested in physics as well, as it could help them reach their lifting goals. The vice-versa is also true, as those interested in physics could easily adopt an interest for powerlifting and its benefits if introduced in class.

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-6404/aaa90e/meta

The physics of powerlifting – iopscience.iop.org. (n.d.). Retrieved October 11, 2021, from https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-6404/aaa90e/meta.

4. Should Kids Lift Weights?

Studies in the past have shown that training that focused on strength, with proper structure in terms of frequency, intensity, and duration, can increase overall strength in adolescents and preadolescents.

In primarily preadolescents and adolescents, strength training (such as powerlifting) benefits them in several ways, including cardiovascular fitness, body composition, bone mineral density, blood lipid profiles, and mental health. It was also concluded that this type of training may help decrease injury rates in adolescents.

Some competitive sports are known to be almost 400 times as likely to assist in leading somebody to have a growth plate fracture than weight lifting.

https://thegrovefitness.com/blog/view/should-kids-lift-weights

Should kids lift weights? should kids lift weights? – The Grove Fitness. (n.d.). Retrieved October 11, 2021, from https://thegrovefitness.com/blog/view/should-kids-lift-weights.

5. Strength training for children and adolescents: Benefits and risks

It was implied by the American Academy of Pediatrics that strength training can absolutely be not only safe, but effective for children and adolescents. Strength training, under supervision, has been proven to increase strength, reduce skinfold thickness, body composition, motor skills, and flexibility in groups of male and female children. In a separate study, it was concluded that obese participants in a strength training regiment lost abdominal and trunk fat, which minimized cardiovascular and metabolic risks. They also had increased strength, body composition, and overall fitness levels after the study.

Strength training does not just increase muscle strength, but also bone density. This means it is an effective method for preventing and reducing osteoporosis. If strength gains are made as a child, bone mass gains last longer. Exposure to mechanical loading during growth is being proven over and over to be an efficient way to increase bone mass and density.

https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?id_clanak_jezik=150931&show=clanak

Barbieri, D., & Zaccagni, L. (2013, May 23). Strength training for children and adolescents: Benefits and risks. Collegium antropologicum. Retrieved October 11, 2021, from https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?id_clanak_jezik=150931&show=clanak.

3. Topics for Smaller Papers

  1. Weight lifting is more beneficial to an athlete than other popular high school sports

2. Powerlifting is a safer sport than most common sports

3. Weightlifting should be introduced to every preadolescent child in some capacity

Current State of Research Paper

I am quite content with the amount of research and sources I’ve been able to gather. I do think I need to change my hypothesis to a topic that is less general and more specific towards one argument. I also do believe I need more sources to back up other parts of the argument that have not been covered so far.

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