Brannan Vines has never been to war. But she’s got a warrior’s skills: hyperawareness, hypervigilance, adrenaline-sharp quick-scanning for danger, for triggers.

(Analogy Claim) The author is comparing Brannan’s experiences to the awareness of soldiers in war.

 Her nose starts running she’s so pissed, and there she is standing in a CVS, snotty and deaf with rage, like some kind of maniac, because a tiny elderly woman needs an extra minute to pay for her dish soap or whatever.

(Ethical Claim)  The author hints at the severity of how horrible and socially distorted this problem is, as Brnannan doesn’t have enough patience to let a woman pay for items in a store.

She sounds like she might start crying, not because she is, but because that’s how she always sounds, like she’s talking from the top of a clenched throat, tonally shaky and thin

(Evaluative Claim)  The author takes notice of the wavering voice of Brannan and how on edge she is majority of the time.

Now, he’s rounder, heavier, bearded, and long-haired, obviously tough even if he weren’t prone to wearing a COMBAT INFANTRYMAN cap, but still not the guy you picture when you see his “Disabled Veteran” license plates. Not the old ‘Nam guy with a limp, or maybe the young legless Iraq survivor, that you’d expect.

(Analogy Claim)  This is the author’s way of comparing stereotypical veterans to Caleb’s appearance to portray the fact that he isn’t your typical stand out of the crowd type of guy.

Some hypotheses for why PTSD only tortures some trauma victims blame it on unhappily coded proteins, or a misbehaving amygdala. 

(Causal Claim)  This is showing studies of what may contribute to Caleb’s problems with PTSD.

Civil War doctors, who couldn’t think of any other thing that might be unpleasant about fighting the Civil War but homesickness, diagnosed thousands with “nostalgia.” 

(Quantitative Claim)  This is showing the number of people dismissed in a way, as many were not sure what exactly was going on witht these soldiers.  This emphasizes how much of a toll it took on so many and how mistreated it was early in out history.

You can’t see Caleb’s other wound, either. It’s called traumatic brain injury, or TBI, from multiple concussions.

(Definition Claim)  Stating what traumatic brain injury entails.

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