Annotated Bibliography

“Concussions in the NFL: Are Players Beginning to Value Their Brains More than the Game?” Behind the Steel Curtain. 7 June 2015. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.

Background: In this article Dani Bostick takes a look at the players who have played in the NFL and who have retired due to the fact that they have suffered severe concussions. Bostick explains how it is hard to walk away from millions of dollars and a career. Bostick includes a quote from former player Merril Hoge that shows how much one injury can take a toll on a player.

How I Used It: This article can be used in many different ways. It provides players personal experiences and personal quotes. It shows how that no matter how much money you are making or how important the game is to one person, a concussion can really affect the way a person lives their life physically and psychologically.

“Fantasy Football Is Teaching Us To Dehumanize Players In Pain.” The Huffington Post. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

 Background: In this article Mike Freeman of Bleacher Report explains how the avid admiration for fantasy football has dehumanized the pain of these players. He says that close to 1,300 NFL players will suffer from some sort of injury during a typical season. Often times this includes star players in normal money betting leagues in fantasy football. Millions of fans around the world play fantasy football, but many of them do not appreciate the extent of an injury that these players are suffering. It causes us to not feel sorry for them, instead discard them as quick as possible on our smart phone application.

How I Used It: This article is useful especially in the case of concussions. Concussions have probably been the most overlooked subject out of any sports related injury. The fact that the fans of the sport and fantasy football are not educated on the idea of what a concussion is, makes selecting the “Release Player” option/button on the fantasy football app, a much easier decision.

“Let’s Not Forget the Carnage of the NFL.” Bleacher Report. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

Background: In this article, Bleacher Report’s Mike Freeman explains how injuries are overlooked in the viewpoint of the fan base. He explains how the NFL tricks us into believing the world is an amazing place during Sunday football frenzy. He explains how gambling has become a huge aspect in the way fans view the NFL today. He includes that there aren’t many jobs where 15 percent of the working environment will get hurt, many injuries being serious.  Freeman explains how the function of fantasy football is creating distance from reality and the thought society has because of the way society views injuries.

How I Used It: This article, similar to the last, offers a more in depth look at how the players are suffering injuries very rapidly. As a lover of the game and the excitement, our football fan nation also finds much excitement in gambling and fantasy football fulfills our gambling needs. It does not present to us however, how serious the extent of injuries, such as concussion, are. It only shows us the availability of that player for that specific week/day. The gambling community, especially the fantasy football community is starting to become very lost in the toll these injuries take on the players.

“Autopsy: Another NFL Ex-Player Who Killed Himself Had Brain Disease.” The Huffington Post. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

Background: In this article the author gives an example on how brain injuries caused in the NFL can end the life of someone mentally and physically. Allen Robinson Jr., by way of Pennsylvania, was shown to have a brain disease linked to the constant contact to the head. He was confirmed to have chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Through many years of challenges from CTE, Robinson killed himself at age 25. The lawyer of the Family, Ben Andreozzi, states that Robinson had suffered numerous concussions while playing in the NFL. The article explains not just the brain change, but also the personality change. His family explains how he changed from a very nice guy to a man with a darker edge. The article includes that 88 of 92 players tested for the CTE diagnosis have shown indication that they suffer from CTE along with 33 others who played football in high school and college.

How I Used It: This article is very vital to explain how serious CTE and concussions are. It reveals that not only can it take a psychological effect on someone but it can also push the person so far to even take their own life. It gives useful facts to include in an argument and provides a perfect example of the extent of CTE, through the suicide of Allen Robinson Jr.

“Ex-NFL Player Laments Not Knowing About CTE Prior To Career.” The Huffington Post. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

Background: This article written by Juliet Spies-Gans gives another great example at how the NFL is not taking head injuries serious enough. Tom Crabtree, former NFL player and Super Bowl XLV Champion, says the NFL and the sport is not taking the head injuries serious. Department of Veterans Affairs says that 96% of former NFL players suffer from CTE. This disease is linked to constant head trauma. Crabtree explains through tweets at how the NFL did not take concussions serious. The article includes many opinions based off of Tom Crabtree’s experience, however they serve very useful in the discussion of Concussions vs. NFL.

How I Used It: I can use this article in many ways. The author provides many important examples and facts, including the main example, Tom Crabtree. It gives a personal look at how CTE, concussions, and the lack of action taken by the NFL has  taken a lot out of Crabtree’s life. This article is important in showing the non-educated football fans the toll it can take on someone’s life, who in all respects, has not taken his own life but decided to try and “tough it out”.

“The NFL Concussion Settlement Is Pure Evil | VICE Sports.” VICE Sports RSS. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

Background: In this article written by Patrick Hruby, he gives the viewpoint of Kansas City attorney Ken McClain. McClain represents two dozen former NFL players whom suffer from physical and mental damage caused by the constant head contact. McClain used two months and roughly $10,000 per individual to conduct tests to include in the lawsuit. The results showed that every single one of the players tested showed signs of injury that is caused by the head trauma suffered while playing in the NFL. However, none of them qualify for a “payback” from the NFL under the settlement plan.

How I Used It:  This article is useful because instead of the topic being seen through the player’s eyes, it is being seen through the individual/s arguing for essentially the life of the player’s lives, the lawyers. This article gives the opinion of how the NFL concussion settlement program is not fair to the players of the NFL and how it should be changed to accommodate the players’ head injuries.

“What You Don’t Know About Concussions.” The Huffington Post. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

Background: In this article the author, Jeanie Shulkin, offers insight to what a concussion entails, myths, and facts surrounding concussions. She begins with the myths and she counter acts them with experiences and examples. She explains the constant hardship she went through, for the most “basic” concussion and how it really takes an effect on someone.

How I Used It: I used this article written by Shulkin because it gives an outsiders perspective based off of my topic. She is not an NFL player nor is she affiliated in any way with the National Football League. She is a normal everyday human who suffered from a concussion. It is a useful source of information because she explains some of the myths and truths of a concussion and how it doesn’t take an NFL player to suffer a concussion and all the side effects that tag along with it.

“The NFL Concussion Settlement Is Pure Evil | VICE Sports.” VICE Sports RSS. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

Background: This article written by Michael Klopman explains how NFLPA president Eric Winston was not pleased with the comments made by Cincinnati Bengals head coach Marvin Lewis. Lewis sort of played down the extent of concussions and said the media was to blame for prolonging the process and the extent of a concussion. Winston responded to Lewis’ comments through a series of composed tweets.

How I Used It: This article is very useful because it is a clear indication at how even the so called “professionals” aren’t even educated on one of the most serious topics of the sport today. The guy who is supposed to put the players in the right position is even downplaying concussions. This article helps support the idea of increasing awareness of concussions in the NFL.

“NFL: 3 In 10 Ex-Players Face Alzheimer’s, Dementia.” The Huffington Post. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

Background:  Author Maryclaire Dale writes in her article about how 3 in every 10 former football players will develop brain conditions for the worst. Not to mention they will be hit with these brain conditions twice as often as the general population. The league and players lawyers expect 6,000 of the 19,400 retired players to develop Alzheimer’s disease or at least moderate dimension. Many more will be diagnosed with Lou Gehrig’s disease or Parkinson’s.

How I Used It: This article written by Dale is very important to the argument. It gives useful facts about how players are hit with concussions. Not only are these players suffering short term consequences but they are suffering long term. They are also getting hit with these brain injuries twice as quick as the normal human being.

About davidbdale

Inventor of and sole practitioner of 299-word Very Short Novels.
This entry was posted in Bibliography Archives. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s