06 Class TUE SEP 21

Warm Up

  • A group of bi-partisan legislators
Bi-Partisan Legislators

Housekeeping

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    • Please. I’ve asked repeatedly.
    • Even if you’ve texted it to me. (Remember to include your actual human name in the same email.) Thank you!
    • It’s soooo much easier when I can collect them all in one place.

Mechanics

  • Demonstration: Informal In-Text Citation (APA Style)
    • The Lecture/Demo includes (at the bottom) an In-class Exercise.

Lecture

A Good Hypothesis

  • Essay writing is like the scientific process, designed to test hypotheses with experiments, not prove preconceptions.
  • Research is “the targeted search for evidence to test a hypothesis.”
  • “Analyze Data and Draw Conclusions” (not “Prove Hypothesis”) is the payoff step.
  • “Communicate Results” not “Defend your Original Thinking” is the final mandate and guideline for the Research Position Paper.
Scientific Method
  • Stone Money: Introduce new course material
    • Class Discussion, preview Stone Money

Tasks

65 Responses to 06 Class TUE SEP 21

  1. Lunaduna says:

    – Warm-up
    Bi-partisan group, not a bipartisan legislator. (Grammar check)

    APA
    – “References” is on the top of the page instead of “works cited.”
    -References should be centered (Not bold)

    Hypothesis
    – Is always likely to change. (Generating more ideas.)
    -Research is “the targeted search for evidence to test a hypothesis.”
    “Analyze Data and Draw Conclusions” (not “Prove Hypothesis”) is the payoff step.

    In-text citation
    – Paraphrasing
    – Direct quotation
    – Name of the article
    – Name of the website
    – A clear indication of the name of the author (sometimes does not have a name.)

    Like

  2. zzbrd2822 says:

    In class today, we explained how there is no such thing as a group of bi-partisan legislators because legislators cannot be bi-partisan, but a group of legislators can be bi-partisan. We briefly touched on the Hypothesis assignment and how your hypothesis might be subject to change as you research. We then discussed the usage of Informal APA In-Text Citation Style for this class and viewed some examples. You do not include the author’s last name in parentheses at the end of a sentence as found in MLA or formal citation styles. The name of the article and the publisher are worked into the text, in which the title of the article is included in quotes and the publication is italicized. You must cite the author, even if you don’t quote. Citations are referred to as references instead of works cited, and the title must be centered. The extra citation information will appear on the references page. Lastly, we then did an exercise that allowed us to practice in-text citation and determine what information is important, and which author to cite when one author references another. We compared essay writing to the scientific process, in which we test the hypotheses with experiments, but not to prove preconceptions.

    Like

  3. minutemen14 says:

    Why is there no such thing as a group of bi-partisan legislators? Legislators cannot be bi-partisan. A group can be bi-partisan, a legislature cannot be. We need to get used to the APA style vs. the MLA style of citations. Instead of work cited, it is references and instead of MLA format of listing your citations it is MLA. Keep in mind that hypothesis can be changed, but stress the importance of narrowing down your topic. In a completed sentence for information from a source there is a direct quote and then elaboration/paraphrasing. It is important when the two of these are necessary, because you do not need to directly cite every time in order to include intfromating that you find useful. Make sure to use enough detail in your citations so that you do not make the mistake of clouding up your information with quotes and technical citation details. Be clear when taking information from a book review. The book review may quote the book itself in which you may have to cite the original author rather than the book review. The troubling asset of money and how it only promises a citizen more variations of it. It is based on word and not on actual worth and yet is the most valuable asset that we carry around in our society. The similarities between scientific hypothesis and essay hypothesis needs to be noted. Whether your hypothesis was correct or not you reached your goal of simply communicating your results that you found.

    Like

    • davidbdale says:

      A few confusions here, MM:

      A group can be bi-partisan, a legislature cannot be. We need to get used to the APA style vs. the MLA style of citations. Instead of work cited, it is references and instead of MLA format of listing your citations it is MLA.

      Actually, a legisla-TURE can be bi-partisan because it’s the entire group of legisla-TORS. Instead of MLA, it’s APA.
      Otherwise fine.
      3/3

      Like

  4. Anonymousgirl116 says:

    A group can be bi-partisan, legislators can not be.

    For the new APA format instead of writing ‘Work cited’, write ‘references’ and center it

    The hypothesis can always change
    Test hypothesis, analyze data, and draw conclusions

    If results work out or conduct you win either way

    Like

  5. levixvice says:

    “Why is there no such thing as a group of bi-partisan legislators,” because a legislator can’t be bi partisan. Bi-partisan group of legislators is the answer.

    Informal In-Text Citation (APA Style): not putting author’s name or date nor the page number. This should be incorporated in your sentence. bibliography must have the article and publisher name only from the editors that is essential. In-text APA Citation doesn’t use footnotes and makes use of direct quotation from each article that goes with the references for people to find them. Don’t always quote from another article, but it does continue from the last one which one must cite and paraphrase the article only.

    Reference Should be in the center
    The reference should mention the article with enough details for people to look them up

    Hypothesis should be designed with the research whether the test can go with you or against you. Try to provide a strong persuasive data to be analyze it before it’s been approved.

    Like

  6. kingofcamp says:

    Beginning
    • Riddle: why is there no such thing as a group oof bi-partisan legislators?
    a legislature cannot be a bi-partisan
    A: bi-partisan group of legislators
    Mechanic/Lecture
    • APA Citation
    it will be informal (for this class)
    • We are not adding author’s last name and page number at the end of quotation (not for this class)
    • Name author, news article, and where it came from (ex. New York Times)
    if author is not available quote editorial
    • Direct quotation: in quotations
    • Paraphrase: not directly quoting something from a publisher/article, expressing the main idea of a sentence, paragraph, and or article using your own words
    • According to is saying “someone said… *add quote”
    • We do not need to cite if it is paraphrased but you must cite the author and article title (?)
    • References should always be centered
    APA format
    • Enough details in the citations (don’t make it too heavy)
    • Practice exercise
    Reply and make a statement after reading Richard Davies’s book review for Jacob Goldstein’s book Money: The True Story of a Made-Up Thing
    • Review A Good Hypothesis
    due 9.22.21
    Analogy- writing an essay/research paper is like the scientific process
    look at graph for more information *

    Like

    • davidbdale says:

      Not quite:

      • Riddle: why is there no such thing as a group oof bi-partisan legislators?
      a legislature cannot be a bi-partisan
      A: bi-partisan group of legislators

      A legisla-TURE is almost always bi-partisan. It’s the entire group of legisla-TORS.

      Not quite:

      • We do not need to cite if it is paraphrased but you must cite the author and article title (?)

      If you paraphrase rather than directly quote someone’s observations or arguments, KofC, then you do in fact need to cite. And why wouldn’t you want to give credit to your source?

      3/3

      Like

  7. littlecow24 says:

    -A bi-partisan group of legislators exists, but not a group of bi-partisan legislators. Remember your wording (empty bottle of scotch riddle).
    -We will use informal citation for our papers, so there will not be the author and page number in parenthesis but incorporated into the actual sentence. (APA style)
    -The name is the website/author, the name of the piece, sometimes the author of a book or journal should be included in the informal citation
    -Date of the publication, author, page numbers; excluded
    -“According to” is the same as “Someone said”
    -We looked through example citations and did an exercise to help us get on track with how we should cite resources in our writing. This is very helpful, especially because I have personally never really done citations like this; great practice for future essays.
    -Being sure to cite correctly within your writing helps readers understand where the information has been taken from/what its been based off of
    -A good hypothesis: “communicative results” is the final mandate for the research position paper, not “defend your original thinking”. You are just proving and showing what you have found while researching more, and that may change your opinion

    Like

  8. ilovedunkinoverstarbucks says:

    WHy is there no such thing as a group of bi-partisan legislators:
    -A legislator can not be bipartisan
    -Group can be bipartisan but a legislator can not be
    References:
    -Centered
    -Author
    -Article title
    -Website/book
    -Link
    -No parentheses always include the author in a sentence
    Hypothesis:
    -Like science writing is used to test the hypothesis
    -Research is targeting a search for evidence to test the hypothesis
    -Analyzing the data and drawing the conclusions is the payoff step
    -Proving the hypothesis is not the goal but testing the hypothesis is the goal
    -Communicating results is the goal and not defending your original thinking
    -Ask question
    -Do research
    -Construct hypothesis
    -Test with experiment
    -Is the procedure working?
    -Analyze data and draw conclusions
    -Results align/do not align with hypothesis
    -Communicate results

    Like

  9. friendoftacos says:

    Why is there no such thing as a group of bi-partisan legislators? It is because legislators cannot be bi-partisan. Instead, the sentence would be reformatted. Why is there no such thing as a bi-partisan group of legislators?
    We discussed in class about using informal in text citations. Compared to MLA format of putting in parentheses at the end of the sentence, the APA informal way flows in the sentence. In the sentence, using the title of the publication, direct quotations, author’s name, and paraphrasing is a way to use the APA in text citation.
    The payoff of a hypothesis is to communicate results from your original thinking. You should not defend their original hypothesis if you have found new information that does not align with your hypothesis.

    Like

    • davidbdale says:

      I probably did actually rephrase the question this way, but the answer to the question as you reported it:

      Why is there no such thing as a bi-partisan group of legislators?

      is that there actually IS such a thing as a bi-partisan group if it includes partisans from both sides of an issue.
      3/3

      Like

  10. lokiofasgard24 says:

    -Why is there no such thing as a legislator in bi-partisan group?(Answer to opening question)
    In text Citation Lecture:
    -Title the citations section “References”
    -Use APA style citation generator
    -In the article your writing be sure to name the AUTHOR and the SOURCE
    -Paraphrasing doesn’t require quotations
    -To continue a paraphrase into another sentence use “said” language
    -“References” centered only
    -Give enough info in text for the reader to be able to find the citation in the references section
    -Use the different examples of citation listed in In-Text Citation Link above
    -Never use parenthesis to quote an author
    A Good Hypothesis:
    -Essay writing is similar to the scientific process
    -A targeted search for evidence to test a hypothesis
    -Proving the hypothesis is not the goal
    -It is ok to change your position.
    prove something and communicate the results

    Like

  11. gingerbreadman27 says:

    We started off class by discussing why you can not have a group of bi-partisan legislators, but only a bi-partisan group of legislators. Next we discussed the informal style of citation that we will be using. The informal style of citation has a beginning statement that states the author and/or source of the information being relayed in the text following. That information can be used by the reader to find the citation in the list of references included at the end. Then we practiced using informal citations on a book review about money.

    Like

  12. krackintheneck says:

    What I learned in class today:
    – must use apa style in writing
    – apa uses “References” instead of “Works Cited”
    – no more intext citations (author,2020) but you are supposed to put anything you may want to use just quote and the publication
    – you are allowed to not have an author
    – you are allowed to use titles inside the articles if it works better
    – informal citation provides the reader with a form of citation that can be easily navigated to the references
    journals and books use italics while articles use quotation marks
    – period and commas always go inside the quotation marks

    Like

    • davidbdale says:

      Very nice, Ginger. I especially like this sentence:

      – informal citation provides the reader with a form of citation that can be easily navigated to the references

      And your reminders about italics and quotation marks are very much appreciated.
      3/3

      Like

  13. sunshinegirl457 says:

    There is no group of bi-partisan legislators because bi-partisan would mean they are in two parties, while the term partisan would mean just one and be more appropriate. I learned that we will be using APA format instead of MLA as it might be more useful in my profession as it is a more common in-test citation style. We use “references” instead of “works cited”. The (Author, 2020) format has been eradicated and we will now be inserting the last name into our own words in the text. There is no reason to be ashamed of having a lot of sources because it just means you did your research and know how to organize it. If there is no author, as long as there is enough information about the sources the audience will be able to locate the reference, so it is not necessary to always have an author. With all the information jammed into the text it will be clunky and hard to read, but the info can be found on the references page so the reader can follow along easily. It is also important to know how/when to use the author’s pronouns and their last names when quoting. Articles are in quotations marks and journals are italicized. Always always always always always put the punctuation inside the quotation marks.

    Like

    • davidbdale says:

      I really appreciate the always always always always always note, Sunshine, but it’s true only for periods and commas. Other punctuation (for example, question marks) go inside or outside depending on context. These have different meanings, and both are punctuated correctly:
      —Did the doctor ask you, “What are your symptoms?”
      —Did the doctor say, “These are your symptoms”?
      3/3

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  14. thatwonguyy says:

    In class today we first did the warm up (why you can not have a group of bi-partisan legislators. We then got right into the style of citation. The style we learned, we were able to cite the author/or source of the information from the text. We then did our own citation at the end.

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  15. tarheel1999 says:

    Warm-Up: There is no such thing as a bi-partisan legislator because, by practical definition, each individual legislator (which is the word used here) must belong to one political party or another.

    Housekeeping: Already completed on my end.

    Mechanics: Informal APA in-text citation is essentially based around providing enough details regarding the sources used in a piece of writing in the text itself to then find in the reference page. As for the specific amount of and specific content of such details, that is up to the writer; but generally, there should be enough to both establish credibility of the source and allow readers to find it themselves without being overbearing. The reference page in this citation style should consist of a list of sources used in APA style with “References” as a title.

    In-Class Exercise (Copy/Pasted from APA Citation Page): Perhaps the best argument for a societal shift towards cryptocurrency comes from New York Times writer Richard Davies. In his review of Jacob Goldstein’s “Money: The True Story of a Made-Up Thing”, Davies describes fiat currency as “an i.o.u….that promises the holder nothing but more paper money”. The endless cycle of printing, printing, and even more printing of such i.o.u.s based only on a flimsy foundation of faith can only eventually lead to ruin.

    Lecture: The main takeaway from this lecture is that a research paper should not be a predetermined, point-A-to-point-B style argument but instead a lab report: a recitation of findings and discoveries made over the course of the research process. A hypothesis should also reflect this, as it should be open to testing and subsequent revision throughout the process.

    I also reviewed the Stone Money assignment as I saw it was on the bottom of the agenda and have a basic understanding of what is being asked of me: to write a brief argumentative essay regarding how the value of money in order to get a grasp on the overall quality of my writing skills.

    Like

    • davidbdale says:

      These are extraordinary Notes, Tarheel. Your practice appears to be to write Purposeful Summaries of course content units. Very nice work. A few comments:
      —Jacob Goldstein’s “Money: The True Story of a Made-Up Thing”,
      [The comma belongs inside the quotation mark.]
      —promises the holder nothing but more paper money”.
      [The period belongs inside the quotation mark.]

      I nearly completely agree with this:

      The main takeaway from this lecture is that a research paper should not be a predetermined, point-A-to-point-B style argument but instead a lab report: a recitation of findings and discoveries made over the course of the research process.

      and I understand why you took this impression, but I wasn’t clear enough. The RESEARCH PROCESS certainly will resemble a lab experiment, but the end result can look like a point-A-to-point-B argument because, by the time you’ve completed your research and analysis, your hypothesis has evolved into a thesis you will strive to prove in your essay (though it may differ radically from your original plan).

      4/3

      Like

  16. Lily4Pres says:

    We started off class by going over a riddle on why we can never have a ‘group of bipartisan legislators’. It would have to be worded as a ‘bipartisan group of legislators’ to be accurate.
    Next, we started the conversation on APA formatted citations, rather than the usual MLA. For the usual ‘works cited’, it will now be labeled as ‘references’. Rather than the usual (___) in MLA, the author, source, title, or publication (if available) needs to be worded into the sentence. The goal is to use the best tag of your citation to guide your readers to the correct resource, if necessary. When using the author’s name, the first introduction of the author has to be the full name. Second time and onwards is just the last name for in-text citations. It’s not necessary to quote for a citation, the use of paraphrasing can cover that. Publications and book titles use italics, articles are identified with quotation marks. Single quotations ‘ ‘ will only be used when quotations are used inside of quotations. “______’_____’_____” We then did an example of in-text citations on our own to end class off.

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  17. In Jacob Goldstein’s book, Money, he makes you think about money from a different perspective. Goldstein describes money as “a made-up thing, a shared fiction.” He discusses the idea that just a “way to exchange goods,” not serving any real purpose.

    Like

    • davidbdale says:

      ChickenNugget, you appear to be having trouble figuring out where to put things. This citation belongs at the bottom of the APA Citation page:

      APA Citation

      AND
      You published your Class Notes as a post to the blog called “9/21 Notes.” That’s a mistake, too. Please cut and paste them here below the Agenda.

      9/21 Notes

      Like

  18. frogs02 says:

    9/21 notes
    We first started off by talking about why there is no such thing as a group of bi-partisan legislators and that is because no legislature can be bipartisan because you can’t be in two parties. A group can be bi-partisan, a legislator can not be. We are going to be talking about mechanics and how we should be in APA style. APA uses the word references instead of works cited. We need to organize the references as best as possible so that the citation is easy to follow. You can use whatever resources available to you so that the reader can follow along. We don’t need an author when citing. We just need to give enough information to be able to find the material in the references list. Identify the source. You don’t need to mention the whole name of the article if it is only mentioned once. References list should be centered. We placed “she continued” into a sentence to connect the different sentences. If the gender is unknown, use the last name to quote them. Only the first name in the citation usually gets the credit. It is not necessary to quote to get a citation. Journals and books are cited with italics. Articles are cited by quotation marks.

    Like

  19. imaspookyghost says:

    Bipartisan warmup
    Avatar
    APA Style
    (Author, 2020) bad
    – reference instead of works cited
    My hypothesis
    publisher, title, and quote. Even just a publisher is enough information to find that in your references list. Alphabetize by the author first, but if no author use the title of the article.
    titles are often too long to use in a citation and waste space and words.
    you can use correct pronouns, or the last name to imply someone’s quote is still going.
    You don’t have to use all the authors, they get there credit in the references.
    a citation is not necessary.
    don’t lose the sense of flow in your text with over citation. publications use italics. Book titles use quotations.
    always the period and comma go inside quotation marks. ALWAYS
    never use single quotation marks unless there is a quote within a quote
    learned how to type bold and italics in html.
    practiced punctuation and quotations using “money” by Goldstein.
    essay writing is like the scientific process

    Like

  20. ziggy026 says:

    Essays should be designed to test hypothesis
    Research is the search of evidence to test the hypothesis
    APA – References should be used instead of ‘works cited’ and should be centered at the top of the page
    When more ideas are generated and expanded upon the hypothesis will likely change
    “Analyze data and draw conclusions”
    In-text citations
    Author should be named in own language in the phrase or information that is taken from the author
    The primary difference between in text citations and parenthetical citations is that the author, article title, and name of publication is worked into the text
    The collecting of information and organization into a category is an intellectual pursuit
    Citing a lot of sources means research has been done correctly
    If not enough references, information is not valid, and research has not been conducted properly
    If we don’t have an author, the title of the article is what we alphabetize by
    You can use an author, especially if the author is responsible for an article in some publication you’ve already sighted
    Use she continued to connect sentences
    First time use first and last name, second time use last name only
    You don’t have to quote to require a citation if there is information from a cite it requires a citation
    Books are italicized
    Chapter indicated with quotation marks
    Quotation can begin with a lowercase letter if you’re adopting your sentence structure to incorporate the quote
    Single quotes never used, only inside double quotes

    Like

  21. notaperson0515 says:

    In today’s class, we discussed the use of APA format. We credit the source of our material no matter where we got the information from. Use single quotation marks if your quoting inside a quote. The process is repeated until the quote is finished. To explain further, its double quote and single quotes inside if you’re referencing someone else’s work inside the double quote. We also created our own in text citations after reviewing some examples. The exercise was a little tricky because we had to determine whether to cite the author of the book review or the author of the book. The book review author paraphrased the book author so it made things a little more difficult. This may not be a big thing during today’s class but he also taught us how to italicize when replying on the blog. Near the end of class the professor talked a little about what a good hypothesis is. For a good hypothesis you ask a question and then prove if that thesis would be true through experiments and background researches.

    Like

    • davidbdale says:

      Not sure I understand this:

      To explain further, its double quote and single quotes inside if you’re referencing someone else’s work inside the double quote.

      The rule is ALWAYS use double quotes EXCEPT when you need quotation marks INSIDE a set of double quotes.
      3/3

      Like

  22. kilotoon says:

    – There is no such thing as bi-partisan legislators because legislators cannot be bi-partisan, yet there can be a bi-partisan group of legislators.
    – We will no longer be using the form of citations we have been. “(Author, Year)”
    – Payoff of a hypothesis: meant to communicate the end product from your initial thoughts. You should not persist defending your original hypothesis if the research you’ve completed changes your thinking and doesn’t align with it.
    We ended class with going over how to make a good hypothesis and analyze the chart that described the steps to do so.

    Like

  23. disneylover2002 says:

    Today in class, we talked about why there is no such thing as a group of bi-partisan legislators. At Rowan, the standard citation style is APA. In APA, we used the word references instead of work cited. The word References has to be centered at the top of the page. We then learned about in-text citation and how to cite correctly. In-text provides enough information that the reader will be able to find the material in the references list. However, in an in-text citation, the author’s name is not always provided. There are multiple ways to write an in-text citation. You do not have to quote a source, but you still need to name where you got the information. Italics are used for journals, and quotations are used for articles. Always the period goes inside the quotation marks. Never use single quotes. Single quotes only occur inside double quotation marks.
    _______ – italic _____ – bold
    We went on to do an in-class exercise where we practiced how to do in-text citations.

    Like

  24. venom2929 says:

    There is no bi-partisan legislators only a bi-partisan group of legislators.
    Citation:
    make sure to title sources as “references”
    Use APA style
    When writing make sure to include Author and Source
    Never use parenthesis when quoting an author
    When creating a statement use natural language
    Hypothesis:
    Targeted search for evidence to test a hypothesis
    proving hypothesis is not the goal
    prove something and communicate the results

    Like

  25. chickendinner says:

    With the riddle, we went over why a bi-partisan group of legislators is a thing but a group of bi-partisan legislators is not.
    No more parenthetical citations.
    When making an in-text citation, keep word economy in mind.
    When citing someone by name the first time, use their full name and titles. Afterwards, use their surname.
    You don’t have to quote material directly to cite it.
    Articles go in quotation marks, journals/books/websites go in italics.
    Periods and commas always go inside quotation marks.
    The process for writing essays is analogous to the scientific method, and as such, proving the hypothesis is not important, gathering evidence is.

    Like

  26. RowanAnnouncer says:

    firstly, we learned about the proper way to cite articles in your writing. The new format we use is APA Style, but was previously MLA Style. In this format, we don’t particularly need to cite the author in the text. The publication, title of article, and name of journal is sufficient to cite an article. when you cite the author’s name you would cite with his/her full name for the first 2 times, then with only the last name the 3rd,4th,5th,6th times. the period and comma go inside the quotation marks. After learning about the proper formatting, we then wrote our own analysis and practiced what we learned.

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  27. nugget114 says:

    Riddle
    In class today we started off by talking about how no legislature can be bipartisan, there can only be a bipartisan group of legislatures

    APA Citations
    – We will use APA citation informally in this class.
    – We will not add the authors last name and page number at the end of the quote for this class.
    – You should be able to explain a part of an article in as little words possible while still making it obvious which article on your reference list was used for that fact
    – If you added all the authors or entire titles into your paragraph it would be too crowded and barely legible
    – The word “References” for your reference page should always be centered in the page

    A Good Hypothesis
    – Essay writing is like the scientific process, designed to test hypothesis with experiments, not prove preconceptions
    – Research is “the targeted search for evidence to test a hypothesis”
    – “Analyze Data and Draw Conclusions” is the payoff step (not “Prove Hypothesis” because it doesn’t matter if you prove it true or false)
    – “Communications Results” not “Defend your Original Thinking” is the final mandate and guideline for the Research Position Paper
    – Is there any way to research your hypothesis?
    – You should design a hypothesis with the intended research whether they prove your hypothesis true or not

    Like

    • davidbdale says:

      You’ve confused the term LEGISLATURE (the legislative GROUP, such as the House of Representatives) with the term LEGISLATOR (the person who belongs to the legislative group, such as one Senator). LEGISLATURES are bi-partisan.
      3/3

      Like

  28. calamariii says:

    There cannot be a group of bi-partisan legislators because the legislators themselves are not bi-partisan, it would be a bipartisan group of legislators, making group the word modified by bi-partisan. When using cites in your paper, using many referenced sources is good because it means that you have done your research. When citing in the text you don’t have to include an author, only a publisher or publication. In the resources list, it is alphabetized by author first and if there is none, the title of the article is used instead. Italicized words when using in-text citing is a way to effectively reference the source listed in the references list. Distinguishing when a source is used in sentences after it is introduced is done by either using a pronoun or a last name in the continuing sentences. We went over a flowchart on how to correctly form and test hypotheses in writing.

    Like

  29. strawberryfields4 says:

    Why is there no such thing as a group of bi-partisan legislators?
    -A legislator can only be a member of a single party. The sentence should be phrased differently to make it clear that the group itself can be bipartisan, but not a legislator.
    -Example of how important it is to be clear with your wording in order to avoid possible confusion.

    APA In-text Citation:
    -No longer use “works cited,” use “references” centered at the top of the page
    -The author is listed in your own language within the sentence
    -No more parenthesis!
    -Incorporates the needed information into the actual sentence
    -Allowed to not have an author, may “clog” the paragraph with bibliographical information
    -Can use whatever material is available to provide enough about the source that the reader will be able to match it to where it is listed on your “references” page
    -After initially identifying the author’s first and last name, you may refer to them by their last name only
    -Articles use quotation marks. Publications, books, and journals use italics.
    -Periods and commas go inside quotation marks!

    Hypothesis:
    -Essay writing is designed to test hypothesis (like the scientific process)
    -Why waste time proving a preconception?
    -Research is used to test a hypothesis
    -You have a hypothesis to start, not a thesis
    -Your research will lead you to your thesis
    -Payoff is not to the prove hypothesis, but rather to analyze data and draw a conclusion
    -Results may or may not align with your hypothesis

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  30. toastedflatbread22 says:

    Mechanics
    When doing informal citations, we will learn to incorporate our citations into our grammar and easily add the link to the source. This style of citation is a little different from what we have learned in high school, but it’s not too crazy. When using a citation generator, we need to remember to ask for APA style, not MLA. Then, to indicate the source, we say something like “like Sarah-Cate Ogden stated…” or “in the New York Times editorial…” to lead into a quote from the source. Even if the information is not directly quoted, it still needs to be cited because it is somebody else’s ideas. Using the phrase “according to” is a great way to credit a source and lead into a quote or paraphrase of a quote. Put publication titles in italics and the website or section title in quotation marks. When making the reference page, article title/author comes first, you can also add the name of the journal or article, then the quote or paraphrase.
    Hypothesis
    If we decide we do not like our hypothesis, within two weeks, we need to let Mr. Hodges know immediately. Writing hypotheses and scientific hypotheses are similar-they do research to test questions, instead of forcing information to mold into our hypothesis-IT IS ALLOWED TO CHANGE AS YOU FIND INFORMATION. Then, all that is needed is to communicate the results.

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  31. cfalover says:

    riddle today:
    there can be a bi-partisan group, but not a bipartisan legislator (check grammar!)
    APA citations:
    instead of putting “works cited” on the top of the page in MLA, you label it as “references” and the references should be centered
    If using the author’s name, be sure to use the full name when first referring to them. Paraphrasing what the author said is fine (and giving them credit, of course); don’t always need to quote for citations
    Hypothesis:
    Your hypothesis can and will change a lot more often than you think
    research is said as “the targeted search for evidence to test a hypothesis”
    Our research paper should not have a strict outline of what it should be; it should be a discovery of findings over the course of researching and writing the paper

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  32. spaghettitacosforthesoul says:

    -There can is a group of bi-partisan legislators because a legislator can is part of two sides. Rephased as a bi-partisan group of legislators.
    -We’re no longer using MLA style in order to cite our sources, transferring over to APA style.
    -In an article at the Center for Disease Control’s website called “Childhood Obesity Causes and Consequences,” the CDC issues the warning that a primary cause of excess weight gain in children is “eating high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages” such as sugary drinks.
    -DIRECT QUOTE: “eating high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages”
    -PARAPHRASE: the CDC issues the warning that a primary cause of excess weight gain in children
    -ARTICLE NAME: “Childhood Obesity Causes and Consequences
    -And WHERE TO FIND: Center for Disease Control’s website
    -According to equivalent to someone said
    -Publicar is in italics
    -An author will provide enough details in the text so one can find the information in the references page

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    • davidbdale says:

      Good notes, Taco.
      But, what’s with the word “can” showing up twice for no reason? 🙂

      —There can is a group of bi-partisan legislators because a legislator can is part of two sides. Rephased as a bi-partisan group of legislators.

      3/3

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  33. chickennuget444 says:

    In class today, we talked about citations. We will no longer be using “(Author, 2020)”, instead we will just incorporate the author into the writing. Citations are all about being transparent and credible, and being proud to have found your sources because it means you did research. You can cite a publisher instead of an author because it provides you with enough information to find the source in the references list. Avoid citing multiple authors or using really long titles in your writing because it makes it hard to read. Use words like “he/she continued” or “last name continued” to alert the reader that the information is still being used from the source. You don’t have to quote to use a citation. Period goes on the inside of the quotation and titles should be italicized.

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