23 Class

23 Class MON APR 12

End-of-Semester Schedule

  • WED APR 28 will be our last full-class meeting for the semester. By then, your end-of-semester Portfolio will be complete, will have been double-checked for completeness, and will be available to your Professor for final grading.
    • During Finals Week FRI APR 30—THU MAY 06, instead of meeting as a class, and instead of having a Final Exam, you’ll meet with your professor one time in a one-on-one in a Zoom room to conduct your “Final Grade Conference.”
  • Between today and MON APR 26, when your PORTFOLIO IS DUE, only 4 classes remain, and 14 days.
  • If you’ve been keeping up, by now you have posted your 3 short arguments (Definition, Causal, and Rebuttal), and your Visual Rhetoric Rewrite, have a robust White Paper, perhaps one or more short argument rewrites, and will have no trouble posting the first draft of your Research Position Paper by next WED APR 21.
  • There are no special Deadlines for your Short Paper Rewrites, but when your Portfolio is due, on MON APR 26, you’ll need two Rewrites (out of the 3 Definition/Causal/Rebuttal set) AND a Visual Rhetoric Rewrite.
  • If you haven’t posted your 3 short arguments, you are now officially behind.
  • There is no longer time to interact with your Professor over all three of your Short Arguments, receive meaningful feedback, post significant Rewrites, and prepare to compile the results into your Research Paper.

Riddle: The Soccer Penalty Kick

penalty kick

What’s the smartest kick?
To the shooter’s strong side, which the goalie is more likely to guard?
Or to the shooter’s weak side, which the goalie is more likely to block if he guesses right?

The authors of Think Like a Freak give us some details to help us decide.

  • The goal is 12 yards away.
  • It’s 8 yards wide and 8 feet tall.
  • You will kick the ball at 80 miles per hour.
  • The kick will arrive at the net in 0.306818 seconds
  • The goalie can’t wait for you to kick. He has to guess and fling his body toward his choice before you make contact with the ball.
  • Overall, at the elite level, 75% of penalty kicks are successful.
  • If he chooses wrong, your odds of success are about 90%.
  • You want him to choose wrong.
  • Whether you’re left- or right-footed, 57% of goalies will guard your strong side. 41% of the time, they’ll guard your weak side.

Answer in the Reply field below and Post Comment:

  1. What’s the best way to improve your odds of kicking the ball where the goalie isn’t?
  2. Why do so few kickers make the most logical choice?

The Rest of the Agenda

  • You will need to show revision cycles for your Portfolio.
      • Choose a Short Argument (Definition, Causal, or Rebuttal)
      • Add it to the Feedback Please category
      • In a Reply below your chosen Argument, leave a detailed note describing the sort of feedback you require.
        • If you fail to leave detailed instructions, you will receive no feedback.
  • Check Banner for Evaluation of Teacher Effectiveness
    • If you have received this notice, I’ll give you class time to complete the Evaluation
  • Tips for APA Style Citation and References

Revision Examples


Taking helmets out of football is a very counterintuitive idea itself.

Taking helmets out of football is counterintuitive.

It may seem as if this will hurt the players, but in fact it will help protect the players.

Playing unprotected will help players, not hurt them. 

No helmets will make keep players from taking risky, hard hits, and cause them to have more caution when playing the game.

Playing bareheaded will keep players from tackling head-first, sparing them from head, neck, and brain injuries.

They all will be protected from severe concussions, spinal cord injuries, and developing CTE later in life.

They will be protected from severe concussions, spinal cord injuries, and late-developing CTEs.

There is however, some opposition to this counterintuitive idea.

There is, however, some opposition to this counterintuitive idea.

Many people feel as if there would be no change to the amount of head injuries sustained in a football game.

Many people feel there would be no reduction to the number of head injuries sustained in a football game.

They feel as if players will still hit hard, and make risky plays.

They feel players will still hit hard and make risky plays.

Today football helmets are evolving more and more everyday.

Football helmets are evolving.

Risk compensation is when protective equipment prompts individuals to act more aggressively which increases the potential for injury.

“Risk compensation” is the tendency of players to risk injury through reckless play when equipment upgrades make them feel invulnerable.

If you give an individual better protective equipment, they are going to have an increase in aggression, causing more injuries.

More-protective equipment encourages reckless play, causing more injuries.

Helmets may have been upgraded, and made to absorb hits, but they still do the same damage.

Today’s helmets absorb more hits, but players’ brains suffer the same damage.

Resources for Improving your Work before Portfolio


Annotated Bibliography


Portfolio Task